The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
L'Homme aux bras croisés
Alternate titles: Homme assis; Homme aux bras croisés; L'Horloger; Man with crossed Arms; Man with Crossed Arms ( with Palette); Mann mit gekreutzten Armen; Portrait d'Homme; The Clock Maker; The Clockmaker
Rewald (851): c.1899; Venturi revised: 1897–1900; Venturi (689): 1895–1900; Reff: c.1899 (MoMA)
Oil on canvas
36 3/16 x 28 5/8 in. (92 x 72.7 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3451, huile;portrait de paysan assis les mains croisées; tonalité du tableau gris lilas, 92 x 73 cm (300 frs)
Salon d'Automne, Grand Palais, Paris, Salle Cézanne, October 15–November 15, 1904, no. 10, as Portrait d'Homme, lent by Vollard.
Institut français, Mansion of Yusupova (42 Liteiny Avenue), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, [Exposition centennale de l'art français, 1812-1912], opening January 15, no. 589, as Homme assis, lent by Vollard.
Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt, Germany, Sammlung G.F. Reber, mid-May–mid-June, 1913, no. 10, as Mann mit gekreutzten Armen.
Paul Cassirer, Berlin, XV. Jahrgang, 1912–1913, Dritte Ausstellung, Sammlung Reber, Beginning January - January 20, 1913, no. 29, as Mann mit gekreutzten Armen.
Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, the Netherlands, Paul Cézanne, June 1–August 1, 1956, no. 43, ill. lent by Guggenheim Museum.
Tate Gallery, London, Paintings from the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, April 16–May 26, 1957, no. 6. Traveled to: Gemeente Museum, The Hague, the Netherlands, June 25–September 1, 1957; Athenaeum Art Gallery, Helsinki, September 27–October 20, 1957; Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, December 5, 1957–January 8, 1958; Wallraf-Richartz Museum, cologne, Mar. 1958, Cologne, March 1958; Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, April 15–June 1, 1958.
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Capolavori del Museo Guggenheim, 1958, no. 1, pl. 1.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Cézanne and Structure in Modern Painting, June–August 1963.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York and Reunion des Musees Nationaux, Paris, France, Cézanne: The Late Work, October 7, 1977–January 3, 1978, no. 6, pl. 13. Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, January 26–March 19, 1978; Grand Palais, Paris, Cezanne: Les dernières années (1895–1906), April 20–July 23, 1978 (see Paris 1978a for a separate listing because the catalogue numbers are different from the two American venues).
Grand Palais, Paris, Cézanne, September 26, 1995–January 14, 1996, no. 179, ill. Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, Switzerland, Cézanne und die Moderne, October 10, 1999–January 9, 2000, no. 27, ill., p. 80, as L'Homme aux bras croisés.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Cézanne in Provence, January 29–May 7, 2006, no. 33, ill., (dated 1890–99), shown in Washington only. Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 9–September 17, 2006.
Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, New Jersey, Cézanne and American Modernism, September 13, 2009–January 3, 2010, no. 19, ill., p. 161, as L'Homme aux bras croisés, shown in Montclair and Baltimore only. Traveled to: The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, February 14–May 23, 2010; Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, June 26–September 26, 2010.
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso, and the Parisian Avant-Garde, May 21–September 6, 2011, pl. 4, as Man with crossed Arms, c. 1899, lent by Solomon R. Guggenheim Musuem; shown in New York only. Traveled to: Grand Palais, Paris, October 5, 2011–January 16, 2012 (see Paris 2011-12a for a separate listing because the catalogue numbers are different from the two American venues); The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, February 21–June 3, 2012.
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary, Cézanne and the Past: Tradition and Creativity, October 25, 2012–February 17, 2013, no. 129, ill.
Musée d'Orsay, Paris, Cézanne Portraits, June 13–September 24, 2017, no. 58, ill.
Musée d'Orsay, Paris, Cézanne Portraits, June 13–September 24, 2017, no. 21.1, ill. Traveled to: National Portrait Gallery, London, October 26, 2017–February 11, 2018; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, March 25–July 1, 2018.
Hôtel de Caumont, Aix-en-Provence, France, Chefs-d'oeuvre du Guggenheim: de Manet à Picasso, la collection Thannhauser, May 1–September 29, 2019, pp. 90-91, ill., as Homme aux bras croisés.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Cezanne, May 15–September 5, 2022, no. 119, ill. shown in Chicago only. Traveled to: Tate Moderrn, London, October 6, 2022–March 12, 2023.
Waldmann, Emil. "Die Sammlung Reber." Kunst und Künstler 11, no. 9 (1913), p. 450.
Vollard, Ambroise. Paul Cézanne. Paris: Vollard, 1914, pl. 45.
Bernard, Émile. "La technique de Paul Cézanne." L'Amour de l'art 1, no. 8 (December 1920), ill. p. 271, as Portrait.
Venturi, Lionello. "Paul Cézanne." L'Arte 6, nos. 4 and 5 (July 1935), p. 405, fig. 23.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 689, ill. vol. II, as Homme aux bras croisés.
"The Guggenheim's First Cézanne." Art News 53, no. 3 (May 1954), p. 42, p. 38, ill. and detail of man's head ill. in color, as The Clock Maker.
Ashton, Dore. "Guggenheim's New Cézanne." Art Digest 28 (April 15, 1954), cover, ill., p. 20.
A Handbook to The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Collection. New York, 1959, p. 34, pl. 16, as The Clockmaker, 1895-1900.
Mathey, François. Les Impressionnistes et leur temps. Paris: Fernand Hazan, 1959, p. 180, ill., as L'Horloger.
Feist, Peter Heinz. Paul Cézanne. Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1963, p. 54, pl. 66.
Selections from the Guggenheim Museum Collection 1900-1970. New York, 1970, pp. 64-65, ill., as The Clockmaker, 1895-1900.
Elgar, Frank. Cézanne. New York: Praeger, 1975, fig. 128.
Rudenstine, Angelica Zander. Collection Catalogue: Paintings, 1880–1945. New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1976, no. 24, ill.
Barnett, Vivian Endicott. Handbook: The Guggenheim Museum Collection, 1900–1980. New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1980, p. 26, ill.
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 851, ill. vol. 2, as L'Homme aux bras croisés.
Kropmanns, Peter, and Uwe Fleckner. "Von kontinentaler Bedeutung: Gottlieb Friedrich Reber und seine Sammlungen." In Die Moderne und ihre Sammler: französische Kunst in deutschem Privatbesitz vom Kaiserreich zur Weimarer Republik, edited by Andrea Pophanken and Felix Billeter. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2001, listed p. 388.
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2008, vol. 1, fig. 364; vol. 2, p. 234, as L'Homme aux bras croisés.
Geskó, Judit. "'Builderly' Painting: The Making of an Exhibition." In Cézanne and the Past: Tradition and Creativity. Budapest: Museum of Fine Arts, 2012. Exhibition catalogue, p. 23, cat. 129, ill., as Man with Crossed Arms ( with Palette).
Echte, Bernhard and Feilchenfeldt, Walter. "Sammlung Gottlieb Friedrich Reber, Barmen: Anfang Januar bis 20. Januar 1913." In Kunstsalon Cassirer: Die Ausstellungen 1912-1914 vol. 6, "Eine neue Klassik". Wädenswil: Nimbus, 2016, p. 137, ill.
Fontanella, Megan et al. Thannhauser Collection: French Modernism at the Guggenheim. New York: Guggenheim Museum Publication, 2018, p. 40, fig. 20.
Smith, Paul. "Cezanne's Non-Constructive Line." In Cezanne to Malevich, Arcadia to Abstraction. Budapest: Museum of Fine Arts, 2021. Exhibition catalogue, fig. 11.
Nagaï, Takanori. Truth in Panting: The Meaning of Cezanne's Practices for Modernizing Society. Tokyo: Sangesha Publishers Inc., 2022, pl. 20.
Record last updated October 13, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Société Paul Cezanne. "L'Homme aux bras croisés, c.1899 (FWN 528)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=826 (accessed on December 4, 2023).