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422
Le Nègre Scipion
c. 1867
Alternate titles: Bildnis des Negers Scipio; Der Neger Scipio; Der Neger Scipion; Le nègre; Portrait du Nègre Scipion; The Negro Scipion
Rewald: (120) c.1867; Venturi: (100) 1866–68; Venturi revised: c.1868; Rivière: 1865; Vollard: 1865; Gowing: 1867, probably after No. 121
Oil on canvas
42 1/8 x 32 11/16 in. (107 x 83 cm)

Keywords

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decade: 1860–69 »
theme: Portrait »

Exhibition History

1895 Paris: Galerie Vollard, Paul Cézanne, Monet buys.
1907a Paris: Grand Palais, Rétrospective d'oeuvres de Cézanne (Salon d'Automne), no number, ill, lent by Monet [see letters to Durand-Ruel, #1837, dated Sept. 20, 1907, and #1838, dated Oct. 28, 1907].
1931b Paris: Exposition Coloniale Internationale de Paris, p. 30, ill. in b/w, Le nègre, lent by Private collection.
1936 Basel: Kunsthalle, Paul Cézanne, no. 2, ill. (dated 1866), Der Neger Scipion, lent by Michel Monet.
1939a Paris: Paul Rosenberg, Cézanne, no. 1, ill, Portrait du Nègre Scipion, lent by Michel Monet.
1939b London: Rosenberg & Helft, Cézanne, no. 1, ill. (dated 1867), lent by M. Monet.
1947–48 Brussels: Palais des Beaux-Arts, De David à Cézanne, no. 137, Le nègre, lent by Private collection.
1952 Chicago and traveling: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill, Cézanne: Paintings, Watercolors & Drawings, A Loan Exhibition, no. 4, ill, lent by São Paulo.
1953–54 Paris and traveling: Orangerie, Paris, Chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée d'Art de São Paulo, no. 2.
1954b London: Tate Gallery, Masterpieces from the São Paulo Museum of Art, no. 44, ill.
1954–55 Milan: Palazzo Reale, Dipinti del Museo d'arte di San Paolo del Brasile, no. 63, ill.
1957c New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y, Paintings from the São Paulo Museum of Art, no. 43, ill.
1964–65 Munich: Haus der Kunst, Französische Malerei des 19. Jahrhunderts, von David bis Cézanne, no. 18, ill, not shown.
1974 Tokyo and traveling: National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Cézanne, no. 3, ill.
1984 Madrid: Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Paul Cézanne, no. 2, ill.
1986 Tokyo and traveling: Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, Cézanne, no. 3, ill, lent by Museu de Arte de São Paulo.
1988–89 London and traveling: Royal Academy of Arts, London, Cézanne: The Early Years 1859–1872, no. 30, ill.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Réunion des musées nationaux / musée d'Orsay, Tate Gallery and Philadelphia Museum of Art, Paris, Cézanne, no. 11, ill, Le Nègre Scipion.
1999–2000 Yokohama and traveling: Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Cézanne and Japan, no. 4, Le Nègre Scipion.
2006–07 New York and traveling: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, N.Y, Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde, no. 25, ill, fig. 40, pp. 39, 335–36, Le Nègre Scipion, shown in New York and Chicago only.
2011–12 Paris: Musée du Luxembourg, Cézanne et Paris, no. 16, ill, p. 45, Le Nègre Scipion, lent by MASP, São Paulo.
2013–14 Rome: Complesso dei Vittoriano, Cézanne e gli artisti italiani del '900, no. 4, ill.
2015 Sao Paulo: Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo Assis Chateaubriand - MASP, Arte da França: de Delacroix a Cézanne
2017–18 Paris: Musée Marmottan Monet, Monet Collectionneur, no. 58, ill.

Published References

Bernheim-Jeune 1914: Cézanne, pl. XII.
Vollard 1914: Paul Cézanne, pl. 4, Portrait du Nègre Scipion.
Vollard 1921: Paul Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 28, Bildnis des Negers Scipio, dated 1865.
Meier-Graefe 1922: Cézanne und sein Kreis, p. 86, ill, Der Neger Scipion, dated 1865.
Wedderkop 1922b: Paul Cézanne, ill.
Klingsor 1923: Cézanne, p. 11.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 197, listed.
Elder 1924: À Giverny, chez Claude Monet, p. 49.
Gasquet 1926: Cézanne, p. 47.
Glaser 1927: "Das Cézanne-Buch Joachim Gasquets, I," p. 330, ill.
Pfister 1927: Cézanne: Gestalt, Werk, Mythos, fig. 17, Der Neger Scipio, dated 1965.
D'Ors 1930: Paul Cézanne, pl. 1.
Alazard 1931: "L'Exotisme dans la peinture française au XIX siècle," p. 254, ill.
Zervos 1931: "Les Problèmes de la jeune peinture," p. 205, ill.
Iavorskaia 1935a: Cézanne, pl. 6.
Di San Lazzaro 1936: Paul Cézanne, fig. 1.
Raynal 1936: Cézanne, pl. VII.
D'Ors 1936a: Paul Cézanne, pl. 1.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, no. 100, ill. vol. II, Portrait du Nègre Scipion.
Bagarry 1939: "Le centenaire de Cézanne," p. 2, ill.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939: The Art of Cézanne, no. 24, listed.
Rewald 1946: The History of Impressionism, p. 141, ill.
Dorival 1948: Cézanne, pl. 8.
Guerry 1950: Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace, pl. 5.
Storey 1952: "Retrospettiva Cézanne," p. 196, ill.
Rewald 1961: The History of Impressionism, p. 158, ill.
Taillandier 1961: P. Cézanne, p. 10.
Gimpel 1963: Journal d'un collectionneur marchand de tableaux, p. 155.
Guerry 1966: Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace, pl. 5.
Ikegami 1969: Cézanne, pl. 2.
Schapiro 1973: Paul Cézanne, p. 56, ill.
Brion 1974: Cézanne, p. 25.
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, fig. 18.
Ponente 1980: Paul Cézanne, p. 25, ill.
Coutagne 1984: Cézanne au Musée d'Aix, p. 183, ill.
Wetzel 1984: Paul Cézanne: Leben u. Werk, p. 15, ill. in color.
Bernard 1986: The Impressionist Revolution, p. 113, ill.
Pickvance and Takumi 1986: Cézanne, p. 27, pl. 3.
Rewald 1986b: Cézanne: A Biography, p. 48, ill.
Kendall 1988: Cézanne: By Himself, p. 38, ill.
Lévêque 1988: La Vie et l'oeuvre de Paul Cézanne, p. 63, ill. in color.
Düchting 1989: Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst, p. 26, ill.
Naubert-Riser 1992: Cézanne, p. 49.
Cahn 1995b: Paul Cézanne, p. 42, ill.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 120, ill. vol. 2 and p. 25, ill. col. vol. 1, Le Nègre Scipion.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 74, pl. 39.
Benedetti 2002: "Cézanne: le idee, la mostra," ill. p. 25.
Lewis 2004: "Cézanne's Paintings in the Grand Salon at Jas de Bouffan," fig. 75, ill. in color.
Tosini 2005: "Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)," p. 47, ill.
Feilchenfeldt 2005e: "Cézannes Gemälde: Formate und Themen, Echtheitsfragen," p. 234, ill.
Jensen 2006: "Vollard and Cézanne: An Anatomy of a Relationship," p. 39, fig. 40, The Negro Scipion.
Société Paul Cézanne 2011: P. Cézanne: À Paris et en Île de France, p. 21, ill, Le Nègre Scipion.
Lewis 2011a: "La montée de Cézanne à Paris," p. 45, ill, Le Nègre Scipion.
Dombrowski 2013: Cézanne, Murder, and Modern Life, p. 40, fig. 17.
Nagaï 2016: "Cézanne and Jas de Bouffan," p. 115, ill.
Patin 2017: "Cézanne et Monet," p. 57, fig. 2.

Remarks

Scipion was a model at the Académie Suisse.  This work is stylistically close to L'Enlèvement (L'Enlèvement, 1867 (590)), which is dated 1867.

Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Le Nègre Scipion, c. 1867 (cat. no. 422)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=131 (accessed September 22, 2018).
Record last updated October 6, 2014. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.