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981
Grandes baigneuses
1906
Alternate titles: Badende; Badende (Frauen); Baigneuses; Bathers; Le Bain; Les Baigneuses; Les Grandes Baigneuses; The Bathers; The Large Bathers
Rewald: (857) 1906; Venturi: (719) 1898–1905; Venturi revised: 1898–1905; Rivière: 1895 and 1902; Gowing: started in 1895, abandoned, and taken up again in 1905; Reff: 1906 (MoMA)
Oil on canvas
81 7/8 x 98 in. (208 x 249 cm)
Vollard B stockbook: no. 4453, baigneuses (20000/60000 frs)

Keywords

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decade: 1900–09 »
theme: Bather »

Exhibition History

1907a Paris: Grand Palais, Rétrospective d'oeuvres de Cézanne (Salon d'Automne), no. 19, Baigneuses, lent by Pellerin.
1909a Berlin: Secession, XVIII. Ausstellung, no. 40, Badende.
1926b Paris: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Rétrospective Paul Cézanne, no. 38, Les Baigneuses, tentative identification, lent by Pellerin.
1936c Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie, Cézanne, no. 107, pl. XVIII, Grandes baigneuses, lent by Pellerin.
1950–51a Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Arts, Pa, Diamond Jubilee Exhibition, Masterpieces of Painting, no. 88, ill, Grandes baigneuses, lent by Philadelphia Museum.
1952 Chicago and traveling: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill, Cézanne: Paintings, Watercolors & Drawings, A Loan Exhibition, no. 95, ill, lent by Philadelphia Museum of Art.
1955a Paris: Orangerie, De David à Toulouse-Lautrec: Chefs-d'oeuvre des collections américaines, no. 5, pl. 63, lent by Philadelphia Museum of Art.
1983 Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pa, Cézanne in Philadelphia Collections, no. 22, ill, lent by Philadelphia Museum.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Réunion des musées nationaux / musée d'Orsay, Tate Gallery and Philadelphia Museum of Art, Paris, Cézanne, no. 219, ill.
2009 Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pa, Cézanne and Beyond, pl. 66, p. 240 (dated 1906), Grandes baigneuses.
2012 Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pa, Gauguin, Cézanne, Matisse: Visions of Arcadia, ill, p. 216, p. xii and fig. 155 (dated 1900–06).

Published References

Glaser 1910: "Die zwanzigste Ausstellung der Berliner Secession," pp. 437–38 (mentioned).
Herrmann 1911: Der Kampf um den Stil: Probleme der modernen Malerei, p. 37, ill.
Burger 1913: Cézanne und Hodler, pl. 56, Badende (Frauen).
Raphael 1913: Von Monet zu Picasso, pl. 32.
Kandinsky 1914: The Art of Spiritual Harmony, p. 61, ill.
Meier-Graefe 1918a: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte mit 127 Tonätzungen und fünfzehn Heliogravüren, p. 203, ill.
Westheim 1918a: Die Welt als Vorstellung, p. 87, ill.
Deri 1919: Die Malerei im XIX. Jahrhundert: entwicklungsgeschichtliche Darstellung auf psychologischer Grundlage, pp. 206–08, pl. 49.
Burger 1920: Cézanne und Hodler, pl. 59.
Meier-Graefe 1920a: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte, p. 203, ill.
Bernard 1920c: "'Vie de Cézanne'; 'Lettres de Cézanne'," ill.
Zeisho 1921: Paul Cézanne, fig. 29.
Gasquet 1921a: "Cézanne à l'atelier," p. 330, ill.
Gasquet 1921b: Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 36.
Fontainas and Vauxcelles 1922: Historie générale de l'art français de la Révolution à nos jours, p. 233, ill.
Glaser 1922: Paul Cézanne, pl. 19.
Meier-Graefe 1922: Cézanne und sein Kreis, p. 245, ill.
Klingsor 1923: Cézanne, pl. 33, Le Bain.
Meier-Graefe 1923: Paul Cézanne, 5th ed., p. 83, ill.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 200, listed.
Arishima 1925: Sezannu [Cézanne], pl. 50.
Goulinat 1925: "Technique picturale: L'Evolution du métier de Cézanne," p. 22, ill.
Fry 1926: "Le développement de Cézanne," p. 415, ill.
Gasquet 1926: Cézanne, ill.
Mauny 1926: "Paris Letter," p. 118, ill.
Vauxcelles 1926: "A propos de Cézanne," p. 482, ill.
Fry 1927a: Cézanne: A Study of His Development, p. 81, fig. 45, pl. XXXIV.
Meier-Graefe 1927a: Cézanne, pl. CIV.
Meier-Graefe 1927c: Entwicklungsgeschichte der modernen Kunst, p. 503, ill.
Bertram 1929: Cézanne, pl. 11.
Fry 1929: "Cézannes Udvikling," p. 136, ill.
Gasquet 1930a: Cézanne: 24 Phototypies, ill.
Rey 1931: La Renaissance du sentiment classique, ill. opp. p. 92.
Wilenski 1931: French Painting, pl. 124b.
Zervos 1931: "Les Problèmes de la jeune peinture," p. 125, ill.
Lhote 1933: La Peinture: Le Coeur et l'esprit, p. 160, ill.
Peschcke-Koedt 1933: "Statusopgorelse i Malerkunsten," p. 185, ill.
Mack 1935: Paul Cézanne, pl. 33.
Iavorskaia 1935a: Cézanne, pl. 47.
Faure 1936: Cézanne, pl. 58.
Raynal 1936: Cézanne, pl. CI.
Rewald et al. 1936: "Cézanne," fig. 81.
Rydbeck 1936: "Apropa Cézanne," p. 139, ill.
Sterling 1936: "Cézanne et les maîtres d'autrefois," fig. 4.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, no. 719, ill. vol. II, Grandes baigneuses.
Huyghe 1936c: Cézanne, pl. 38.
Francastel 1937: L'impressionnisme: Les origines de la peinture moderne de Monet à Gauguin, fig. 23, Bathers, dated 1900; private collection.
Novotny 1937: Cézanne, pl. 87.
Vollard 1937: Souvenirs d'un marchand de tableaux, pl. 3.
Bazin 1938: "Cézanne et la Montagne Sainte-Victoire," p. 381, ill.
Gaunt 1938: "Paul Cézanne: An Essay in Valuation of the Ideals and Achievements of the Greatest Amateur of an Amateur Age in Painting," p. 145, ill.
Goldwater 1938: "Cézanne in America: The Master's Paintings in American Collections," p. 134, ill.
Zervos 1938: Histoire de l'art contemporain, p. 41, ill.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939: The Art of Cézanne, no. 190, p. 284, ill. (analysis pp. 391–93).
Cogniat 1939a: Cézanne, pl. 103.
Wilenski 1940: Modern French Painters, fig. 49.
Vaughan 1943: "An Author's Eye for Painting," p. 15, ill.
Laporte 1944: "Cézanne and Whitman," p. 225, ill.
Jewell 1944a: Paul Cézanne, p. 22, ill (captioned Water-color 7 1/2 x 10 1/2 Courtesy of Maitland, LA).
Jewell 1944b: French Impressionists and Their Contemporaries, p. 133, ill.
Schildt 1946: Cézanne, fig. 54.
Bazin 1947: L'Epoque impressionniste, pl. 68.
Novotny 1947: Cézanne, pl. 87.
Dorival 1948: Cézanne, pl. 166.
Jedlicka 1948: Cézanne, fig. 50.
Kimball and Venturi 1948: Great Paintings in America: One Hundred and One Masterpieces in Color, no. 92, ill.
Rewald 1948b: Paul Cézanne: A Biography, fig. 111.
Guerry 1950: Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace, fig. 21.
Rewald 1950a: Cézanne, fig. 87.
Louchheim 1952: "Cezanne: Link in Art," p. 22, ill. , The Bathers.
Storey 1952: "Retrospettiva Cézanne," p. 202, ill.
Schapiro 1952a: Cézanne, pp. 116–17, ill.
Rousseau 1953: Paul Cézanne, 1839–1906, pl. 25.
Raynal 1954: Cézanne, p. 115, ill.
Berger 1955: "Poussin's Style and the XIX Century," p. 163, fig. 2.
Rousseau 1955: "De David à Toulouse-Lautrec dans les collections et musées américains," n.p, ill. in b/w , Les Grandes Baigneuses.
Saxl 1957: A Heritage of Images: A Selection of Lectures by Fritz Saxl, fig. 144.
Berthold 1958: Cézanne und die alten Meister, p. 42, fig. 59.
Canaday 1959: Mainstreams of Modern Art, p. 357, fig. 433.
Frankfurter 1959: "Midas on Parnassus," p. 39, ill.
Neumeyer 1959: Paul Cézanne: Die Badenden, figs. 8, 9 (detail), 10 (detail), 11 (detail), 12 (detail).
Rewald 1959a: Cézanne, Geffroy et Gasquet, suivi de Souvenirs sur Cézanne de Louis Aurenche et de lettres inédites, fig. 15.
Hofmann 1960: Das irdische Paradies, no. 118.
Schack 1960: Art and Argyrol: The Life and Career of Dr. Albert C. Barnes, pp. 267–71.
Novotny 1961: Cézanne, pls. 43, 44 (detail).
Perruchot 1961: Dix Grands Peintres, p. 143.
Taillandier 1961: P. Cézanne, p. 81.
Waldfogel 1962: "A Problem in Cézanne's 'Grandes Baigneuses'," pp. 203–04, fig. 33.
Feist 1963: Paul Cézanne, pp. 38, 56, pl. 84.
Guerry 1966: Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace, pl. 58.
Leonhard 1966: Paul Cézanne in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten, p. 139, ill.
Martini and Negri 1967: Cézanne e il post-impressionismo, pl. XII.
Murphy 1968: The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906, pp. 114–15.
Schapiro 1968: "The Apples of Cézanne: An Essay on the Meaning of Still-Life," p. 48, pl. 17.
Ikegami 1969: Cézanne, pl. 63.
Badt 1971: Das Spätwerk Cézannes, p. 52, ill.
Erpel 1973: Paul Cézanne, no. 28.
Schapiro 1973: Paul Cézanne, pl. 44, with comments.
Brion 1974: Cézanne, pp. 62, 63.
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, fig. 139.
Geist 1975: "The Secret Life of Paul Cézanne," p. 7, ill.
Wadley 1975: Cézanne and His Art, pl. 59.
Barskaya 1975a: Paul Cézanne, p. 39, ill.
Tsiakma 1977: "Cézanne's and Poussin's Nudes," figs. 19 and 24 (detail), and detail on cover.
Rubin 1977a: Cézanne: The Late Work, pl. 189.
Reff 1977b: "Cézanne's Late Bather Paintings," p. 116, fig. 3.
Reff 1977c: "Painting and Theory in the Final Decade," p. 43, ill.
Embiricos 1978: "Cézanne et la répétition," p. 72, ill. p. 73.
Geist 1978: "What Makes 'The Black Clock' Run," p. 13, ill.
Shiff 1978: "Seeing Cézanne," fig. 1.
Venturi 1978: Cézanne, p. 126, ill.
Osborne 1979: "Cubism, Cézanne, and Perceptual Realism," p. 66.
Krumrine 1980: "Cézanne's Bathers: Form and Content," pp. 115, 117–18, fig. 3.
Ponente 1980: Paul Cézanne, pl. 35.
Van Liere 1980: "Solutions and Dissolutions: The Bather in Nineteenth Century French Painting," p. 113, fig. 27.
Plazy 1981: Cézanne, pp. 56–57.
Ponente 1981: Cézanne e le avanguardie, Covre: pl. 2.
Arrouye 1982a: La Provence de Cézanne, pp. 98–99, ill.
Ballas 1983: "Unknown Sources for Cézanne's Women Bathers," p. 185.
Faxon 1983: "Cézanne's Sources for 'Les Grandes Baigneuses'," fig. 1.
Thomson 1983: The Post-Impressionists, pl. 3.
Gache-Patin 1984: "Douze Oeuvres de Cézanne de l'ancienne collection Pellerin," p. 141, no. 14.
Shiff 1984: Cézanne and the End of Impressionism, figs. 33 and 54.
Wetzel 1984: Paul Cézanne: Leben u. Werk, p. 74/75, ill. in color.
Brettell 1986: "The Bartletts and the 'Grande Jatte:' Collecting Modern Painting in the 1920s," p. 109, discussed, fig. 5.
Pickvance and Takumi 1986: Cézanne, p. 80, ill.
Pickvance and Takumi 1986: Cézanne, p. 128, ill.
Rewald 1986b: Cézanne: A Biography, p. 218, ill.
Erpel 1988: Paul Cézanne, no. 39.
Kendall 1988: Cézanne: By Himself, p. 268, ill.
Lévêque 1988: La Vie et l'oeuvre de Paul Cézanne, p. 199, ill. in color.
Plazy 1988: Cézanne ou la peinture absolue, p. 151, ill. in color.
Düchting 1989: Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst, p. 149, ill.
Geelhaar 1989: "The Painters Who Had the Right Eyes: On the reception of Cézanne's Bathers," p. 297, fig. 235, Les Grandes Baigneuses.
Lewis 1989: Cézanne's Early Imagery, p. 204.
Rewald 1989: Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921, pp. 112, 239–40, fig. 63.
Wadley 1989: Cézanne and His Art, p. 65, ill. in color.
Krumrine 1989a: "'Les Baigneuses' de Cézanne du Musée Granet," fig. 3.
Krumrine 1989b: Paul Cézanne: The Bathers, pp. 214–34, pls. 179 and 235.
Coutagne 1990d: "Sainte-Victoire d'après Cézanne," p. 242, fig. 210.
Naubert-Riser 1992: Cézanne, p. 137.
Patin 1995: Cézanne, p. 85.
Sollers 1995: Le Paradis de Cézanne, cover, p. 110-11, ill.
Cahn 1995b: Paul Cézanne, pp. 122-23, ill.
Garb 1996: "Visuality and Sexuality in Cézanne's Late Bathers," p. 47, fig. 1.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 857, ill. vol. 2 and p. 35, ill. col. vol. 1, Les Grandes Baigneuses.
Benesch 2000: "From the Incomplete to the Unfinished: Realisation in the Work of Paul Cézanne," p. 61, fig. 29, Grandes baigneuses.
Coutagne 2000: "Cézanne au fil de l'eau," ill. p. 34, Les Grandes Baigneuses.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 316, pl. 200.
Feilchenfeldt 2000b: "Bathers," p. 262, fig. 1, Grandes baigneuses.
Ballas 2002: Cézanne, Baigneuses et Baigneurs. Thème et composition, p. 278, no. 27 (listed), ill. pp. 91 and 261 (detail), Grandes baigneuses, dated 1906.
Coutagne 2002: "The Major Works in the Lauves Studio," fig. 12, ill. in color.
Rishel 2002: "The Grand Window and Slot in the Studio Wall," fig. 4, ill. in color.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003: Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture, p. 227, fig. 5.32, Grandes baigneuses.
Andersen 2004: Cézanne and the Eternal Feminine, p. 225, fig. 109.
Baumann 2004: Cézanne—Aufbruch in die Moderne, p. 183, ill, Grandes baigneuses.
Karmel 2004: "Die Lehren des Meisters: Cézanne und der Kubismus," p. 183.
Tosini 2005: "Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)," p. 55, ill.
Feilchenfeldt 2005c: "Cézannes Motive: Versuch einer neuen Ordnung," p. 214, ill.
Conisbee 2006c: "The Atelier des Lauves," p. 237, fig. 13, Grandes baigneuses.
D'Souza 2008: Cézanne's Bathers, pl. 11, ill.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 310; vol. 2, p. 209, Les Grandes Baigneuses.
Simms 2008: Cézanne's watercolors: between drawing and painting, p. 171, fig. 121.
Elderfield 2009: "Picasso's Extreme Cézanne," p. 240, pl. 66, The Large Bathers.
Coutagne 2011d: Cézanne abstraction faite, p. 232, fig. 161.
Galassi 2012: "Visions of Arcadia," p. 666, ill. , dated 1900–06.
Lewis 2012: "Cézanne and the Louvre," p. 111, fig. 65, p. 110 (detail).
Rishel 2012c: "Cézanne, Virgil, Poussin," p. 162, fig. 155, The Large Bathers, dated 1900-06.
Colrat 2013: Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature, p. 286, pl. 130.
Rey 2013: "Courbet, Cézanne: Le nu en question," p. 97, fig. 8.
Benedetti 2013b: "Gli artisti italiani e Cézanne," p. 45, fig. 42.
Schiff 2017: "Mimetic Cézanne," fig. 3.
Warman 2017: "Chronology," fig. 108.
Warman 2017: "Chronologie," p. 271, fig. 98.
Elderfield, Morton, Rey 2017a: Cézanne Portraits, p. 271, fig. 98.
Lobstein 2017a: "Biographie," p. 362, ill.
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Grandes baigneuses, 1906 (cat. no. 981)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=832 (accessed September 22, 2018).
Record last updated May 29, 2017. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.