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947
Baigneurs
c. 1890
Alternate titles: Badende; Badende Männer; Bains d'Avignon; Bathers; Dix baigneurs; Grosse Akte; Les Baigneurs; The Bathers
Rewald: (665) c.1890; Venturi: (580) 1892–94; Venturi revised: 1885–88
Oil on canvas
23 5/8 x 31 7/8 in. (60 x 81 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3717, baigneurs à l'huile se detachent sur un fond de nuages blancs, ciel bleu, 60 x 82 cm (250 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 112, Annotated by Cézanne's son: circa 1880—85

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Keywords

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decade: 1890–99 »
theme: Bather »

Exhibition History

1904b Paris: Grand Palais, Salon d'Automne, no. 27, Baigneurs, lent by Vollard.
1913 Darmstadt: Mathildenhöhe, Sammlung G.F. Reber, no. 7, Badende Männer, lent by Vollard.
1913a Berlin: Paul Cassirer, XV. Jahrgang, 1912–1913, Dritte Ausstellung, Sammlung Reber, no. 25, Grosse Akte.
1921 Berlin: Paul Cassirer, Cézanne-Ausstellung: Cézannes Werke in deutschem Privatbesitz: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen, no. 36, Badende, lent by Reber.
1935 Brussels: Palais des Beaux-Arts, L'Impressionnisme, no. 7, ill, Bains d'Avignon, lent by Gourgaud.
1936c Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie, Cézanne, no. 80, pl. XVII, Baigneurs, lent by le Baron Napoléon Gourgaud.
1936d London: New Burlington Galleries, Exhibition of Masters of French 19th Century Painting, no. 92, Baigneurs, lent by Gourgaud, Paris.
1939a Paris: Paul Rosenberg, Cézanne, no. 27, ill. (dated 1894), Baigneurs, lent by baron Napoléon Gourgaud.
1952 Chicago and traveling: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill, Cézanne: Paintings, Watercolors & Drawings, A Loan Exhibition, no. 96, ill, lent by Gourgaud.
1953 Aix-en-Provence and traveling: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, Cézanne: Peintures, Aquarelles, Dessins, no. 20, lent by Gourgaud.
1967–1968a Paris: Orangerie, Vingt ans d'acquisitions au musée du Louvre 1947-1967, no. 405, ill, Baigneurs.
1974 Tokyo and traveling: National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Cézanne, no. 42.
1974b Paris: Orangerie, Cézanne dans les musées nationaux, no. 38.
1989 Basel: Kunstmuseum, Paul Cézanne: Die Badenden, no. 58, pl. 136.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Réunion des musées nationaux / musée d'Orsay, Tate Gallery and Philadelphia Museum of Art, Paris, Cézanne, no. 140, ill.
1997–98 Stockholm: Nationalmuseum, Cezanne i blickpunkten, no. 36, ill, pp. 108–09 (dated c. 1890).
2000 Vienna and traveling: Kunstforum, Vienna, Cézanne: Vollendet unvollendet, no. 64, ill, Baigneurs, shown in Zürich only.
2004–05 Essen: Museum Folkwang, Cézanne: Aufbruch in die Moderne, listed p. 232, ill. p. 70, Baigneurs.
2009 Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pa, Cézanne and Beyond, pl. 40, p. 180, Baigneurs.
2009–2010 National Gallery of Australia: National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Masterpieces from Paris: Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cézanne & beyond : post-impressionism from the Musée d'Orsay, no. 36.
2014b Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, El Greco y la pintura moderna [English translation: El Greco & Modern Painting], no. 11, ill, Bathers.

Published References

Vollard 1914: Paul Cézanne, pl. 44.
Meier-Graefe 1918a: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte mit 127 Tonätzungen und fünfzehn Heliogravüren, p. 150, ill.
Meier-Graefe 1920a: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte, p. 150, ill.
Meier-Graefe 1922: Cézanne und sein Kreis, p. 182, ill.
Bernard 1925: Souvenirs sur Paul Cézanne: une conversation avec Cézanne: la méthode de Cézanne, ill. opposite p. 85.
Bernard 1926a: Souvenirs sur Paul Cézanne, Une Conversation avec Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 78.
Sterling 1936: "Cézanne et les maîtres d'autrefois," fig. 8, detail.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, no. 580, ill. vol. II, Baigneurs.
Babelon 1937: "Greco," p. 312, fig. 14, Les Baigneurs.
Zervos 1938: Histoire de l'art contemporain, p. 36, ill.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939: The Art of Cézanne, no. 107, listed.
Raynal 1939: Cézanne, ill.
Schildt 1946: Cézanne, pl. IV.
Ragghianti 1947: L'Impressionismo, pl. LI.
Dorival 1948: Cézanne, pl. 132.
Raynal 1954: Cézanne, p. 97, ill.
Uchida 1960: Cézanne, p. 49, ill.
Murphy 1968: The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906, p. 113.
Ikegami 1969: Cézanne, pl. 64.
Dorival 1974: "Les Omissions d'Archipenko et de Lipschitz," fig. 36.
Reff 1977b: "Cézanne's Late Bather Paintings," p. 118, fig. 11.
Reff 1977c: "Painting and Theory in the Final Decade," p. 41, ill. p. 40.
Venturi 1978: Cézanne, p. 24, ill.
Monneret 1978a: Cézanne, Zola . . . La Fraternité du génie, p. 58, ill, detail.
Monneret 1978b: L'Impressionnisme et son époque, vol. 1, p. 124, ill.
Krumrine 1980: "Cézanne's Bathers: Form and Content," pp. 118–19, fig. 15.
Ponente 1980: Paul Cézanne, pl. 13.
Plazy 1981: Cézanne, p. 59.
Muller, J 1982: Cézanne, pl. 46.
Laclotte, Lacambre, Distel et al. 1986: La Peinture au Musée d'Orsay, p. 90, ill.
Pickvance and Takumi 1986: Cézanne, p. 128, ill, b/w.
Plazy 1988: Cézanne ou la peinture absolue, p. 106, ill. in color.
Boehm 1989: "A Paradise Created by Painting: Observations on Cézanne's Bathers," p. 12, fig. 3 (detail) .
Düchting 1989: Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst, p. 143, ill.
Arrouye 1990b: "La montagne et la nue," p. 217, fig. 192.
Sollers 1995: Le Paradis de Cézanne, p. 77, ill.
Cahn 1995b: Paul Cézanne, p. 128, ill.
Coutagne et al. 1996: Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald, p. 178.
Garb 1996: "Visuality and Sexuality in Cézanne's Late Bathers," p. 54, fig. 10.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 665, ill. vol. 2, Baigneurs.
Smith 1996: Interpreting Cézanne, p. 27, fig. 18, The Bathers.
Bach 2000: "The Stake in the Pictorial Flesh: Disruptions in Cézanne's Oeuvre," p. 71, fig. 14, Baigneurs.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 310-11, pl. 196.
Kropmanns and Fleckner 2001: "Von Kontinentaler Bedeutung: Gottlieb Friedrich Reber und seine Sammlungen," p. 387 (listed).
Ballas 2002: Cézanne, Baigneuses et Baigneurs. Thème et composition, p. 292, no. 127 (listed), ill. pp. 168 (detail), 177, 222 (detail) and 258 (detail), Dix baigneurs, dated 1892-94.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003: Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture, p. 226, fig. 5.31, Baigneurs, dated 1890-94.
Feilchenfeldt 2005h: "Cézanne: Vollendet, Unvollendet," p. 281, ill.
D'Souza 2008: Cézanne's Bathers, pl. 3, ill.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 212; vol. 2, p. 147, Baigneurs.
Rishel 2009: "Cézanne and Hartley: On Sacred Ground," p. 180, pl. 40, Bathers.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art 2009: Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection - New Edition, fig. 109, ill. p. 150.
Shiff 2009a: "Lucky Cézanne (Cézanne Tychique)," p. 64, ill. p. 180, pl. 40, Bathers.
Arrouye 2011: "L'eau, miroir de la peinture," p. 157, fig. 76, Baigneurs.
Colrat 2013: Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature, p. 208, pl. 95.
Benedetti 2013b: "Gli artisti italiani e Cézanne," p. 78, fig. 106.
Lloyd 2015: Paul Cézanne, Drawings and Watercolors, p. 183, fig. 124.
Nagaï 2016: "Cézanne and Jas de Bouffan," p. 121, ill.
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Baigneurs, c. 1890 (cat. no. 947)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=645 (accessed September 22, 2018).
Record last updated November 15, 2014. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.