Catalogue entry

print this page
926
Les baigneurs au repos
c. 1876–77
Alternate titles: Baigneurs au repos; Baigneurs au repos, III; Bathers at Rest; Les Baigneurs; Les Baigneurs; Étude, projet de tableau
Rewald: (261) c.1876–77; Venturi: (276) 1875–76; Venturi revised: c.1877; Rivière: 1876; Vollard: 1877; Machotka et al: 1876–77
Oil on canvas
31 1/8 x 38 3/16 in. (79 x 97 cm)
Signed lower right in red: P. Cezanne
Vollard archives: photo no. 245, annotated: 1877

Related

Related works

Keywords

Explore catalogue entries

decade: 1870–79 »
theme: Bather »

Exhibition History

1877 Paris: 6, rue Le Peletier, Troisième Exposition de peinture, no. 26, Les Baigneurs; Étude, projet de tableau.
1895 Paris: Galerie Vollard, Paul Cézanne, ex-Caillebotte.
1905b Paris: Grand Palais, Salon d'Automne, no. 320, Les Baigneurs.
1993–95 Washington, D.C. and traveling: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, Great French Paintings from the Barnes Foundation, no number, ill, p. 102.

Published References

De Gastyne 1877: "Courrier de Paris," p. 1, described, "petites statues en bois sales fichées au milieu d'un plat d'épinards qui m'a fait rire aux larmes.".
De Lora 1877: "L'Exposition des impressionnistes," p. 2, described, "les ventres bleus de ces baigneurs et les nuages d'un blanc de faïence qui flottant au-dessus de leur tête".
Descubes 1877: "L'Exposition des impressionnistes," p. 187, described, "toute son exposition... est une horrible mascarade, couronnée (car il est des degrés dans l'atroce!) par l'incroyable tableau des baigneurs, d'une exécution enfantine, d'une expression abjecte.".
Rivière 1877: "A Monsieur le rédacteur du 'Figaro'"
Villebrun 1877: "Chronique parisienne," "une grande toile représente quatre hommes sortant du bain".
Huysmans 1889: Certains
L'Illustration 1905: "Le Salon d'Automne," p. 294, ill.
Borgmeyer 1913: The Master Impressionists, p. 233, ill.
Vollard 1914: Paul Cézanne, pl. 16, Les baigneurs au repos.
Fry 1917: "'Paul Cézanne' by Ambroise Vollard: Paris, 1915, A Review," pl. I.
Tabarant 1921b: "Le Peintre Caillebotte et sa collection," p. 413, ill.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 203, listed.
Vollard 1923: Paul Cézanne: His Life and Art, pp. 75–76, ill. opp. p. 84.
Ludovici 1926: An Artist's Life in London and Paris, 1870–1925, p. 200.
Fry 1927a: Cézanne: A Study of His Development, p. 60, fig. 24, pl. XVII.
Klein 1934: The Lillie P. Bliss Collection, fig. 5.
Bulliet 1936: The Significant Moderns and Their Pictures, pl. 8.
Vollard 1936: Recollections of a Picture Dealer, p. 264.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, no. 276, ill. vol. II, Les baigneurs au repos.
Barnes 1937: The Art in Painting, 3rd ed., p. 332.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939: The Art of Cézanne, no. 63, p. 198, ill. (analysis pp. 324–28).
Venturi 1939: Archives de l'impressionnisme, p. 317.
Loran 1943: Cézanne's Composition, pp. 94–95, pl. XXI.
Gachet 1954a: Cabaner, pp. 4–5.
Rewald 1961: The History of Impressionism, p. 388, ill.
Waldfogel 1965: "Caillebotte, Vollard and Cézanne's 'Baigneurs au repos'," p. 113, fig. 2.
Sweeney 1972: "The Albert C. Barnes Collection," p. 32, pl. 34.
Druick 1974: "Cézanne, Vollard, and Lithography: The Ottawa Maquette for the 'Large Bathers' Colour Lithograph," pp. 20, 24, fig. 1.
Druick 1977: "Cézanne's Lithographs," p. 122, fig. 1.
Tsiakma 1977: "Cézanne's and Poussin's Nudes," fig. 11.
Reff 1977b: "Cézanne's Late Bather Paintings," p. 119.
Venturi 1978: Cézanne, p. 79, ill.
Krumrine 1980: "Cézanne's Bathers: Form and Content," pp. 116, 119, fig. 4.
Arrouye 1982a: La Provence de Cézanne, p. 107, ill.
Pickvance and Takumi 1986: Cézanne, p. 88, b/w.
Lévêque 1988: La Vie et l'oeuvre de Paul Cézanne, p. 24, ill. in b/w.
Geelhaar 1989: "The Painters Who Had the Right Eyes: On the reception of Cézanne's Bathers," p. 280, fig. 209, Baigneurs au repos.
Rewald 1989: Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921, p. 276, fig. 140.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 261, ill. vol. 2 and p. 29, ill. col. vol. 1, Baigneurs au repos, III.
Bach 2000: "The Stake in the Pictorial Flesh: Disruptions in Cézanne's Oeuvre," p. 74, fig. 22, Baigneurs au repos, III.
Coutagne 2000: "Cézanne au fil de l'eau," ill. p. 29, Baigneurs au repos, III.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 154, pl. 99.
Ballas 2002: Cézanne, Baigneuses et Baigneurs. Thème et composition, p. 291, no. 110 (listed), ill. pp. 142 (detail) and 153, Baigneurs au repos, III, dated c. 1877.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003: Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture, p. 201, fig. 5.13, Baigneurs au repos, III.
Feilchenfeldt 2005a: "Zur Rezeptionsgeschichte Cézannes in Deutschland," p. 139, ill.
Feilchenfeldt 2005e: "Cézannes Gemälde: Formate und Themen, Echtheitsfragen," p. 236, ill.
Farber 2006: Autour de Cézanne, p. 77, ill. in color.
Lebensztejn 2006: Études cézanniennes, p. 77, fig. 31, Les Baigneurs; Étude, projet de tableau, dated 1876.
Conisbee 2006a: "Cézanne's Provence," p. 21, fig. 20, Baigneurs au repos, III.
Shiff 2007: "Risible Cézanne," p. 146, fig. 16, Bathers at Rest.
D'Souza 2008: Cézanne's Bathers, pl. 2, ill.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 82; vol. 2, p. 75, Baigneurs au repos, III.
Simms 2008: Cézanne's watercolors: between drawing and painting, p. 173, fig. 122.
Bois 2009: "Cézanne and Matisse: From Apprenticeship to Creative Misreading," p. 124, fig. 4.15 (detail), Bathers at Rest.
Lanchner 2009: "Cézanne and Giacometti: An Odd Couple," p. 391, fig. 14.9, Bathers at Rest, dated 1875–76.
Lanchner 2011: 10 Works by Paul Cézanne in the Museum of Modern Art Collection, p. 13, fig. 2.
Warman 2011: "Cézanne peintre des peintres," p. 167, fig. 84, Les baigneurs au repos.
Lewis 2012: "Cézanne and the Louvre," p. 112, fig. 66, p. 98 (detail), Bathers at Rest.
Rishel 2012c: "Cézanne, Virgil, Poussin," p. 171, fig. 165, Bathers at Rest.
Colrat 2013: Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature, p. 235, pl. 112.
Dombrowski 2013: Cézanne, Murder, and Modern Life, p. 242, fig. 100.
Nagaï 2015: "Cézanne and the meaning of 'copying'," p. 123, ill.
Warman 2015: "Chocquet und Cézanne – eine einzigartige Freundschaft," p. 148, pl. 72.
Eiling et al. 2017: "Catalog," p. 219 fig. 2.
Marchesseau 2017: Paul Cezanne, Le chant de la terre, p. 292, ill.
Nagaï 2018: "What Copying Meant to Cezanne," fig. 12.

Remarks

This work probably replaced Les baigneurs au repos, 1875–76 (924) at the last minute in the Third Impressionist exhibition. Degas made a sketch of the central figure of this painting, having seen it at the exhibition.  

The work was given by the artist to Ernest Cabaner, who died in 1881.  Gustave Caillebotte bought it from Cabaner's estate and bequeathed it to the French State at his death in 1894 – it was rejected.

Cézanne made a lithograph after the painting in two sizes for Vollard in 1897–98.

Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Les baigneurs au repos, c. 1876–77 (cat. no. 926)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=263 (accessed September 22, 2018).
Record last updated September 12, 2018. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.