The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
Alternate titles: Bagnanti; Bathers; Six Baigneuses; The Bathers
Rewald: (256) 1875–76; Venturi revised: 1874–77; Venturi: (265) 1873–77; Cooper: c.1875; Gowing: c.1875 (Edinburgh)
Oil on canvas
15 x 18 1/8 in. (38.1 x 46 cm)
Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, September 29–October 27, 1954.
Traveled to: Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, October 17–December 9, 1980.
Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
[In English:Cézanne in Florence: Two Collectors and the 1910 Exhibition of Impressionism], March 2–July 29, 2007, fig. 36, pp. 112–13, ill., 266, as Baigneuses.
Traveled to: Grand Palais, Paris, October 5, 2011–January 16, 2012 (see Paris 2011-12a for a separate listing because the catalogue numbers are different from the two American venues); The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, February 21–June 3, 2012.
Traveled to: National Gallery, London, February 17–May 22, 2016.
Traveled to: Tate Moderrn, London, October 6, 2022–March 12, 2023.
Castelfranco, Giorgio. La Pittura moderna. Florence: Luigi Gonnelli, 1934, pl. 22.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 265, ill. vol. II, as Baigneuses.
Berthold, Gertrude. Cézanne und die alten Meister. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1958, pp. 38-39, 40, fig. 35.
Waldfogel, Melvin. The Bathers of Paul Cézanne. Cambridge, MA: Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1961, pp. 138–39, fig. 28.
Tsiakma, Katia. "Cézanne's and Poussin's Nudes." Art Journal 37, no. 2 (Winter 1977), fig. 7.
Baetjer, Katherine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980, p. 26, ill. p. 614.
Krumrine, Mary Louise. "Cézanne's Bathers: Form and Content." Arts Magazine 54, no. 9 (May 1980), p. 118, fig. 12.
Shiff, Richard. Cézanne and the end of Impressionism: a study of the theory, technique, and a critical evaluation of modern art. Chicago; London: The Univesity of Chicago Press, 1984, p. 114, fig. 23, as Bathers, 1875-1876.
Moffett, Charles S. Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1985, pp. 178–79.
Rewald, John. Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986, p. 107, ill.
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne: By Himself. London: Macdonald, 1988, p. 109, ill.
Rewald, John. Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921. Princeton: Princeton University Press; London: Thames & Hudson, 1989, pp. 53, 237, fig. 27.
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 256, ill. vol. 2, as Baigneuses.
Smith, Paul. Interpreting Cézanne. London: Tate Publishing, 1996, p. 14, fig. 6, as Bathers.
Bach, Friedrich Teja. "The Stake in the Pictorial Flesh: Disruptions in Cézanne's Oeuvre." In Cézanne: Finished, Unfinished. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2000. Exhibition catalogue, p. 70, fig. 11, as Baigneuses.
Coutagne, Denis. "Cézanne au fil de l'eau." In Au fil de l'eau. Aix-en-Provence: Ville d'Aix-en-Provence, 2000. Exhibition catalogue, ill. p. 28, as Baigneuses.
Ballas, Guila. Cézanne: baigneuses et baigneurs: thème et composition. Paris: Adam Biro, 2002, ill. p. 36, fig. b (detail) p. 266, p. 276, no. 3, ill., p. 302 listed without no., as Six Baigneuses, c. 1877.
Feilchenfeldt, Walter. "Cézannes Motive: Versuch einer neuen Ordnung." In "By Appointment Only": Schriften zu Kunst und Kunsthandel, Cézanne und Van Gogh. Wädenswil: Nimbus, 2005, p. 207, ill.
Macadam, Alta. "Cézanne in Florence, Florence." The Burlington Magazine 149, no. 1252 (July 2007), pp. 508-509, fig. 54, as The Bathers.
Bardazzi, Francesca, ed. Cézanne in Florence: Two Collectors and the 1910 Exhibition of Impressionism. Translated by John Venerella. Milan: Mondadori Electa, 2007. Exhibition catalogue, p. 266, fig. 36.
D'Souza, Aruna. Cézanne's Bathers. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008, fig. 43, ill.
Simms, Matthew. Cézanne's watercolors: between drawing and painting. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2008, p. 174, fig. 123.
Rishel, Joseph J. "Cézanne, Virgil, Poussin." In Gauguin, Cézanne, Matisse: Visions of Arcadia. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2012. Exhibition catalogue, p. 170, fig. 164, as Bathers, dated 1874–75.
Colrat, Jean. Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature. Paris-Sorbonne: PUPS, 2013, p. 222, pl. 103.
Marchesseau, Daniel. Paul Cezanne, Le chant de la terre. Martigny: Fondation Pierre Gianadda, 2017. Exhibition catalogue, p. 268, ill.
Dombrowski, André, Nancy Ireson, and Sylvie Patry, eds. Cézanne in the Barnes Foundation. New York: Rizzoli Electa in association with The Barnes Foundation, 2021, p. 96, fig. 1, as Bathers.
This painting is one of Cézanne's earliest compositions of bathers.
Record last updated October 22, 2019. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Baigneuses, 1875–76 (FWN 916)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=259 (accessed on February 7, 2023).