The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
© The Art Institute of Chicago
Alternate titles: Les Baigneurs; The Bathers
Rewald (859): 1899–1904; Venturi revised: 1900–1905; Venturi (722): 1900–1905; Cooper: c.1902; Gowing: c.1900 (Edinburgh); Reff: early 1900s, probably after No. 877
Oil on canvas
20 3/16 x 24 5/16 in. (51.3 x 61.7 cm)
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, Paul Cézanne, January 1928, no. 8, as Les Baigneurs, lent by Rosenberg.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Summer Exhibition, June–September 1930, no. 15, as The Bathers, lent by McCormick.
Renaissance Society, University of Chicago, Chicago, 1931.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, A Century of Progress, June 1–November 1, 1933, no. 306, (dated c. 1890), lent by McCormick.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, A Century of Progress: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculptures, June 1–November 1, 1934, no. 291, (dated c. 1890), as The Bathers, lent by Mrs. Robert A. McCormick.
Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Paintings by Paul Cézanne, February 5–March 9, 1947, no. 12, ill. lent by Art Institute of Chicago.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Cézanne: Paintings, Watercolors & Drawings, A Loan Exhibition, February 7–March 16, 1952, no. 98, ill. lent by Art Institute of Chicago. Traveled to: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, April 1–May 16, 1952.
Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Paintings by Cézanne, August 20–September 18, 1954, no. 60, pl. XIV, as Baigneuses, c. 1900, lent by the Art Institute Chicago. Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, September 29–October 27, 1954.
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, The Venetian Tradition, 1956–57.
Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C., Cézanne: An Exhibition in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Phillips Collection, February 27–March 28, 1971, no. 29. Traveled to: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, April 17–May 16, 1971; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, June 1–July 3, 1971.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York and Reunion des Musees Nationaux, Paris, France, Cézanne: The Late Work, October 7, 1977–January 3, 1978, no. 38, pl. 193. Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, January 26–March 19, 1978; Grand Palais, Paris, Cezanne: Les dernières années (1895–1906), April 20–July 23, 1978 (see Paris 1978a for a separate listing because the catalogue numbers are different from the two American venues).
Grand Palais, Paris, Cézanne: Les dernières années (1895–1906), April 20–July 23, 1978, no. 100, ill.
Musée Saint-Georges, Liège, Belgium, Cézanne, March 12–May 9, 1982, no. 28, ill. 1900-05. Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 12–August 31, 1982 (exhibition catalogue; preface by Denis Coutagne).
Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, Cézanne, June 12–August 31, 1982, no. 28, ill.
Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, The Impressionist Tradition: Masterpieces from the Art Institute of Chicago, October 18–December 17, 1985, no. 52.
Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland, Paul Cézanne: Die Badenden, September 10–December 10, 1989, no. 68, pl. 193.
Grand Palais, Paris, Cézanne, September 26, 1995–January 14, 1996, no. 220, ill. Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Cézanne in Provence, January 29–May 7, 2006, no. 126, ill. Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 9–September 17, 2006.
Kimbell Museum of Art, Fort Worth, Texas, The Impressionists: Master Paintings from the Art Institute of Chicago, June 29–November 2, 2008, no. 68, ill.
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary, Cézanne and the Past: Tradition and Creativity, October 25, 2012–February 17, 2013, no. 145, ill.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Cezanne, May 15–September 5, 2022, no. 107, ill. Reflection: "Between the Bathers and Us, the living" by Paul Chan, p. 175. Traveled to: Tate Moderrn, London, October 6, 2022–March 12, 2023.
Bulliet, Clarence Joseph. Apples and Madonnas: Emotional Expression in Modern Art. New York: Covici, 1930, p. 49.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 722, ill. vol. II, as Baigneuses.
Odenheimer, Dorothy. "Mrs. Robert R. McCormick, Painter and Collector." Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago 34, no. 4 (April-May 1940), p. 60, ill., as The Bathers.
Jewell, Edward Alden. Paul Cézanne. New York: Hyperion Press, 1944, p. 34, ill.
Guerry, Liliane. Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace. Paris: Flammarion, 1950, fig. 28.
Loran, Erle. "Cézanne in 1952." Quarterly (Art Institute of Chicago) 46, no. 1 (February 1, 1952), p. 14, ill.
Berthold, Gertrude. Cézanne und die alten Meister. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1958, pp. 42-43, fig. 58.
Paintings in The Art Institute of Chicago: A Catalogue of the Picture Collection. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1961, p. 73, as The Bathers.
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne. London: Phaidon, 1961, pl. 41.
Guerry, Liliane. Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace. Paris: Albin-Michel, 1966, pl. 59.
Murphy, Richard W. The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906. New York: Time-Life Books, 1968, p. 113.
Badt, Kurt. Das Spätwerk Cézannes. Konstanz: Universitätsverlag, 1971, p. 21, ill.
Geist, Sidney. "The Secret Life of Paul Cézanne." Art International 19, no. 9 (November 20, 1975), p. 12, ill.
Wadley, Nicholas. Cézanne and His Art. London: Hamlyn, 1975, pl. 58.
Reff, Theodore. "Cézanne's Late Bather Paintings." Arts Magazine 52, no. 2 (October 1977), p. 118, fig. 9.
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne: By Himself. London: Macdonald, 1988, p. 262, ill.
Teboul, Jacques. Les Victoires de Cézanne. Paris: Adam Biro, 1988, no. 62, ill.
Düchting, Hajo. Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst. Cologne: Benedict Taschen Verlag, 1989, p. 148, ill.
Wadley, Nicholas. Cézanne and His Art. London: Hamlyn, 1989, p. 109, ill. in color.
Adler, Kathleen. "Cézanne's Bodies." Art in America 78 (April 1990), p. 237, ill.
Naubert-Riser, Constance. Cézanne. London: Studio Editions, 1994, p. 123.
Patin, Sylvie. Cézanne. Paris: Editions Hazan, 1995, p. 84.
Coutagne, Denis, et al. Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1996, p. 179.
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 859, ill. vol. 2, as Baigneuses.
Bach, Friedrich Teja. "The Stake in the Pictorial Flesh: Disruptions in Cézanne's Oeuvre." In Cézanne: Finished, Unfinished. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2000. Exhibition catalogue, p. 77, fig. 27b, as Baigneuses.
Coutagne, Denis. "Cézanne au fil de l'eau." In Au fil de l'eau. Aix-en-Provence: Ville d'Aix-en-Provence, 2000. Exhibition catalogue, ill. p. 33, as Baigneuses.
Ballas, Guila. Cézanne: baigneuses et baigneurs: thème et composition. Paris: Adam Biro, 2002, p. 278, no. 25, ill., as Baigneuses, 1899-1904.
Coutagne, Denis. "The Major Works in the Lauves Studio." In Atelier Cézanne, 1902–2002: Le centenaire. Aix-en-Provence: Société Paul Cézanne, 2002, fig. 34, ill. in color.
D'Souza, Aruna. Cézanne's Bathers. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008, pl. 8, ill.
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2008, vol. 1, fig. 2; vol. 2, p. 17, as Baigneuses.
Arrouye, Jean. "L'eau, miroir de la peinture." In Cézanne et Paris. Paris: Éditions de la Rmn-Grand Palais, 2011. Exhibition catalogue, p. 159, fig. 78, as Baigneuses.
Coutagne, Denis. Cézanne abstraction faite. Paris: Les Editions du Cerf, 2011, p. 195, fig. 136.
Colrat, Jean. Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature. Paris-Sorbonne: PUPS, 2013, p. 294, pl. 135.
Record last updated March 4, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Société Paul Cezanne. "Baigneuses, 1899–1904 (FWN 976)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=834 (accessed on December 4, 2023).