The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
Alternate titles: Les trois crânes; The Three Skulls; Three Skulls
Rewald: (821) 1898–1900; Venturi revised: 1900–1904; Venturi: (1567) c.1900; Reff: c.1902 (MoMA); Other: c.1898
Oil on canvas
13 3/8 x 23 5/8 in. (34 x 60 cm)
Traveled to: Aichi Prefectural Museum of Art, Nagoya, Japan, January 5–March 12, 2000.
Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, February 17–June 9, 2002.
Traveled to: Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, November 1, 2014–January 31, 2015.
Traveled to: Tate Moderrn, London, October 6, 2022–March 12, 2023.
Bourgeois, Stephan. "A Vivid Panorama of Cézanne." Art News 35 (November 7, 1936), p. 22, ill., as Three Skulls.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 1567, ill. vol. II, as Trois crânes.
Vollard, Ambroise. Souvenirs d'un marchand de tableaux. Paris: Albin Michel, 1937, pl. 8.
Anonymous. "Noted Works Mark Show at Institute." Detroit Free Press, May 5, 1940, p. 51 (mentioned), as The Three Skulls.
Robinson, Francis W. "Two Works by Paul Cézanne." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts of the City of Detroit 20, no. 4 (January, 1941), pp. 31-33, ill. p. 32, as Three Skulls.
Laporte, Paul M. "Cézanne and Whitman." Magazine of Art 37, no. 6 (October 1944), p. 224, ill.
Cummings, Frederick. "Tannahill Taste." Art News 69, no. 3 (May 1970), p. 33, ill.
"[Aquisitions des musées du monde entier]." La Chronique des arts: supplément à la Gazette des beaux-arts, no. 1225 (February 1971), p. 100, no. 463, ill., as Les trois crânes, c. 1900.
Rubin, William, ed. Cézanne: The Late Work. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1977. Exhibition catalogue, pl. 153.
Shiff, Richard. "Seeing Cézanne." Critical Inquiry 4, no. 4 (Summer 1978), fig. 6.
Reff, Theodore. "Cézanne: The Severed Head and the Skull." Arts Magazine 58, no. 2 (October 1983), p. 99, fig. 18.
Shiff, Richard. Cézanne and the end of Impressionism: a study of the theory, technique, and a critical evaluation of modern art. Chicago; London: The Univesity of Chicago Press, 1984, pp. 191, 212-213, fig. 42, 52, as Three Skulls, c. 1900.
Rewald, John. Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986, p. 264, ill.
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne: By Himself. London: Macdonald, 1988, p. 250, ill.
Baron, Jean-Marie and Pascal Bonafoux. Cézanne: Les Natures Mortes. Paris: Editions Herscher, 1993, p. 59, ill.
Cachin, Françoise, and Joseph Rishel. Cézanne. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1995. Exhibition catalogue, p. 493, fig. 1.
Sollers, Philippe. Le Paradis de Cézanne. Paris: Gallimard, 1995, p. 24-5, ill.
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 821, ill. vol. 2, as Trois crânes.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina M. Cézanne and Provence: The Painter in His Culture. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003, p. 184, fig. 4.33, as Trois crânes.
Leca, Benedict. "'The Painter of Apples': Cézanne, Still Life, and Self-Fashioning." In The World Is an Apple: The Still Lifes of Paul Cézanne. Hamilton, Ontario: Art Gallery of Hamilton, 2014. Exhibition catalogue, p. 82, fig. 12, as The Three Skulls.
Brettell, Richard R. On Modern Beauty: Three Paintings by Manet, Gauguin and Cézanne. Los Angeles: Getty Publicatons, 2019, fig. 38, c. 1900.
Record last updated January 31, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Trois crânes, c.1898 (FWN 873)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=797 (accessed on January 27, 2023).