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Catalogue entry

FWN 684
Les Joueurs de cartes
1893–96
Alternate titles: Deux hommes jouant aux cartes; Die Kartenspieler; Joueurs de cartes; Les joueurs de cartes; The Card Players; The Cardplayers; Twee kaartspelers
Rewald: (714) 1893–96; Venturi revised: 1890–92; Venturi: (558) 1890–92; Rivière: 1891; Cooper: after Nos. 713 and 781, but before Nos. 656–59; Gowing: c.1895 (Burlington)
Oil on canvas
18 1/2 x 22 1/4 in. (47 x 56.5 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3338, Deux joueurs de cartes dont un fumeur, une table au milieu du tableau sur laquelle ils s'accoudent porte une petite bouteille noire, 46 x 55 cm (125 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 163, Annotated by Cezanne's son: 1891

Keywords

Provenance
Ambroise Vollard, Paris
Baron Denys Cochin, Paris
Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris and New York
Count Isaac de Camondo, Paris, France, May 4, 1907
Musée du Louvre, Paris (Camondo Bequest, 1911);
Musée d'Orsay, Paris, Musée d'Orsay, Paris (1986)
Exhibition History
1945h Paris
Musée du Louvre, Paris, Chefs-d'oeuvre de la peinture, 1945, no. 2.
1947a Paris
Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, Les impressionnistes, leurs précurseurs et leurs contemporains, 1947, no. 39, tentative identification.
1953 Aix-en-Provence and traveling
Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, Cézanne: Peintures, Aquarelles, Dessins, July 4–August 4, 1953, no. 18, ill. p. [13], lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris. Traveled to: Musée Masséna, Nice, France, August 8–September 12, 1953. Musée des Beaux-Arts, Grenoble, France, September 15–October 18, 1953.
1954 Paris
Orangerie, Paris, Hommage à Cézanne, July 2–October 17, 1954, no. 55, pl. XXIV, lent by Musée du Louvre.
1955 Rome
Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, Capolavori dell' Ottocento francese, 1955, no. 9, fig. 87.
1956 The Hague
Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, the Netherlands, Paul Cézanne, June 1–August 1, 1956, no. 37, ill. lent by Louvre.
1961 Aix-en-Provence
Pavillon de Vendôme, Aix-en-Provence, France, Exposition Cézanne: Tableaux, Aquarelles, Dessins, July 1–August 15, 1961, no. 12, pl. 8.
1961 Vienna
Österreichische Galerie, Belvedere, Vienna, Paul Cézanne, April 14–June 18, 1961, no. 33, pl. 21.
1965 Lisbon
Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon, Portugal, Un siècle de peinture française 1850-1950 - Um Século de pintura francesa 1850-1950, 1965, no. 22, ill., and cover, as Les joueurs de cartes, c. 1885-1890, lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris.
1966 The Hague and traveling
Mauritshuis, The Hague, the Netherlands, Vijf eeuwen schilderkunst: in het licht van Vermeer, June 25–September 5, 1966, no. 49, ill., as Twee kaartspelers, c. 1890-92, lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris. Traveled to: Orangerie, Paris, September 24–November 28, 1966 (Cinq siècles de peinture: dans la lumière de Vermeer).
1966b Paris
Orangerie, Paris, Cinq siècles de peinture: dans la lumière de Vermeer, September 24–November 28, 1966, no. 51, ill., as Les joueurs de cartes, c. 1890-92, lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris.
1974b Paris
Orangerie, Paris, Cézanne dans les musées nationaux, July 19–October 14, 1974, no. 44.
1978b Paris
Grand Palais, Paris, De Renoir à Matisse: 22 chefs-d'oeuvre des musées soviétiques et français, June 6–September 18, 1978, no. 6, ill., as Les joueurs de cartes.
1984 Madrid
Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, Paul Cézanne, March–April 1984, no. 43.
1993 Tübingen
Kunsthalle, Tübingen, Germany, Cézanne Gemälde, January 16–May 2, 1993, no. 66, ill.
1995–96 Paris and traveling
Grand Palais, Paris, Cézanne, September 26, 1995–January 14, 1996, no. 134, ill. Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
1998 St. Petersburg and traveling
State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, Cézanne and the Russian Avant-Garde, August 9–September 24, 1998, no. 34, ill. Traveled to: Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, October 15–November 18, 1998 (exhibition catalogue in Russian; text by Albert Kostenevich).
1999–2000 Yokohama and traveling
Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan, Cézanne and Japan, September 11–December 19, 1999, no. 57, ill., as Les Joueurs de cartes. Traveled to: Aichi Prefectural Museum of Art, Nagoya, Japan, January 5–March 12, 2000.
2006 Washington, D.C. and traveling
National Gallery of Art, Washington, District of Columbia, Cézanne in Provence, January 29–May 7, 2006, no. 30, ill., (dated 1890–99). Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 9–September 17, 2006.
2006–07 New York and traveling
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde, September 14, 2006–January 7, 2007, no. 42, fig. 45, pp. 43, 342, as Les Joueurs de cartes. Traveled to: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, February 17–May 13, 2007. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, June 19–September 16, 2007.
2010–11 London and traveling
Courtauld Gallery, London, Cézanne's Card Players, October 21, 2010–January 16, 2011, no. 12, ill., pp. 118–21, p. 118, 121 (detail), as The Card Players, c. 1892–96. Traveled to: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, February 9–May 8, 2011.
2012–13 Budapest
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary, Cézanne and the Past: Tradition and Creativity, October 25, 2012–February 17, 2013, no. 126, ill.
Published References
Lecomte 1910
Lecomte, Georges. "La Crise de la peinture française." L'Art et les Artistes 12 (October 1910), p. 24, ill. as Deux hommes jouant aux cartes.
Bernheim-Jeune 1914
Bernheim-Jeune, ed. Cézanne. With contributions by O. Mirbeau, T. Duret, L. Werth, et al. Paris: Editions Hollande, 1914, pl. XLIV.
Denis 1914
Denis, Maurice. "Cézanne: I [and] II." Kunst und Künstler 12, no. 4 and no. 5 (1914), ill. p. 212.
Vollard 1914
Vollard, Ambroise. Paul Cézanne. Paris: Vollard, 1914, pl. 1.
Vitry et al. 1922
Paul Vitry, Carle Dreyfus, Paul Leprieur... [et al.]. Catalogue de la Collection Isaac de Camondo. Paris: Musée national du Louvre, 1922, no. 153 as Les Joueurs de cartes, c. 1885.
Rivière 1923
Rivière, Georges. Le Maître Paul Cézanne. Paris: Librairie Floury, 1923, p. 218, listed.
Arishima 1925
Arishima, Ikuma. Sezannu [Cézanne]. Tokyo: Ars, 1925, pl. 44.
Schwabacher 1927
Schwabacher, Sascha. "Die Impressionisten der Sammlung Camondo im Louvre." Der Cicerone 19, no. 12 (1927), p. 376, ill. p. 375 as Die Kartenspieler.
Fry 1927a
Fry, Roger. Cézanne: A Study of His Development. New York: Macmillan, 1927, pp. 72-73, fig. 37, pl.XXVII.
Focillon 1928
Focillon, Henri. La Peinture aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Du réalisme à nos jours. Paris: H. Laurens, 1928, p. 275, ill.
Bertram 1929
Bertram, Anthony. Cézanne. London: Studio, 1929, pl. 7.
D'Ors 1930
Ors, Eugenio d'. Paul Cézanne. Paris: Editions des Chroniques du Jour, 1930, p. 31, ill.
Schneider 1930
Schneider, René. L'Art français, XIXe et XXe siècles. Du réalisme à notre temps. Paris: H. Laurens, 1930, pl. 72.
Fell 1933a
Fell, H. Granville. Cézanne. London: Nelson & Sons, 1933, pl. 5 as The Card Players.
Jamot 1934
Jamot, Paul. La Peinture en France. Paris: Plon, 1934, p. 216, ill.
Di San Lazzaro 1936
Di San Lazzaro, Gualtieri. Paul Cézanne. Paris: Chroniques du Jour, 1936, pl. 3.
Faure 1936
Faure, Élie. Cézanne. Paris: Editions Braun, 1936, pl. 43.
Larguier 1936
Larguier, Léo. Paul Cézanne ou le drame de la peinture. Paris: Denoël et Steele, 1936, p. 9.
Rocheblave 1936
Rocheblave, Samuel. La Peinture française au XIXe siècle. Paris: Éditions Hypérion, 1936, pl. VIII.
D'Ors 1936a
Ors, Eugenio d'. Paul Cézanne. New York: E. Weyhe, 1936, p. 29, ill.
Venturi 1936b
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 558, ill. vol. II as Les joueurs de cartes.
Huisman 1937
Huisman, Georges. Histoire-guide de la peinture française. Paris: Denoel, 1937, p. 234.
Novotny 1937
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne. Vienna: Phaidon, 1937, pl. 58.
Vollard 1937
Vollard, Ambroise. Souvenirs d'un marchand de tableaux. Paris: Albin Michel, 1937, p. 11, ill.
Rewald 1937a
Rewald, John. "A propos du catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre de Paul Cézanne et de la chronologie de cette œuvre." La Renaissance (Paris), vol. 20, nos. 3-4 (March–April 1937), p. 54 as Les joueurs de cartes.
Besson 1938
Besson, George. Cézanne, 10 Planches en couleurs. Paris: Les Éditions Braune & Cie, 1938(?).
L'Amour de l'art 1938
L'Amour de l'art 19, no. 5 (June 1938), ill. on cover.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939
Barnes, Albert C, and Violette de Mazia. The Art of Cézanne. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1939, no. 127, listed.
Cogniat 1939a
Cogniat, Raymond. Cézanne. Paris: Pierre Tisné, 1939, pl. 76.
Faure 1941
Faure, Élie. Historie de l'Art, vol. IV. Paris: Plon, 1941, p. 204, ill.
Rivière 1942
Rivière, Georges. Cézanne: Le Peintre solitaire. Paris: Librairie Floury, 1942, p. 27, ill.
Bazin 1947
Bazin, Germain. L'Epoque impressionniste. Paris: P. Tisné, 1947, pl. 69.
Cheney 1947
Cheney, Sheldon. The Story of Modern Art. New York: Viking Press, 1947, p. 221, ill.
Novotny 1947
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne. London: Phaidon Press, 1947, pl. 56 as Les joueurs de cartes, 1890-92.
Ragghianti 1947
Ragghianti, Carlo Ludovico. L'Impressionismo. Turin: Chiantore, 1947, pl. XLIX.
Dorival 1948
Dorival, Bernard. Cézanne. Paris: Pierre Tisné, 1948, pl. 127, listed p. 167.
Sargent 1952
Sargent, Winthrop. "Cézanne: The Great Paintings of a Frustrated Recluse Changed the Whole Course of Modern Art." Life 32, no. 8 (February 25, 1952), pp. 85–86, ill.
Schapiro 1952a
Schapiro, Meyer. Cézanne. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1952, pp. 88–89, ill.
Schapiro 1952b
Schapiro, Meyer. Paul Cézanne. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1952, p. 19.
Hofmann 1953
Hofmann, Werner. Paul Cézanne (1839-1906). Munich, Vienna, Basel: Kurt Desch, 1953, pl. 15 as Die Kartenspieler, 1890-1892.
Rousseau 1953
Rousseau, Théodore, Jr. Paul Cézanne, 1839–1906. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1953, pl. 15.
Badt 1956
Badt, Kurt. Die Kunst Cézannes. Munich: Prestel, 1956, pl. 12.
Adhémar 1958
Adhémar, Hélène. Catalogue des peintures, pastels, sculptures impressionnistes du Musée du Louvre. Paris: Editions des Musées Nationaux, 1958, p. 25, no. 48.
Bazin 1958
Bazin, Germain. Trésors de l'impressionnisme au Louvre. Paris: A. Somogy, 1958, p. 207, ill.
Berger 1958
Berger, René. Découverte de la peinture. Lausanne: La Guilde du Livre, 1958, fig. 346, p. 283 as Les Joueurs de cartes.
Erpel 1958
Erpel, Fritz. Paul Cézanne. Berlin: Henschelverlag, 1958, p. 37.
Sterling and Adhémar 1958
Sterling, Charles, and Hélène Adhémar. La Peinture au Musée du Louvre, vol. I. Paris: Éditions des Musées Nationaux, 1958, fig. 265.
Mathey 1959
Mathey, François. Les Impressionnistes et leur temps. Paris: Fernand Hazan, 1959, p. 221, ill. as The Card Players.
Hofmann 1960
Hofmann, Werner. Das irdische Paradies. Munich: Prestel, 1960, no. 182, ill.
Perruchot 1961
Perruchot, Henri. Dix Grands Peintres. Paris: Gauthier-Languereau, 1961, pp. 131–32, ill.
Taillandier 1961
Taillander, Yvon. P. Cézanne. Milan: Antonio Vallardi, 1961, p. 39.
Feist 1963
Feist, Peter Heinz. Paul Cézanne. Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1963, p. 33, pl. 64.
Grünigen 1964
Grünigen, Berchtold von. Vom Impressionismus zum Tachismus. Basel: Birkhäuser, 1964, p. 25, fig. 24.
Badt 1965
Badt, Kurt. The Art of Cézanne. Translated by Sheila Ann Ogilvie. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1965, p. 89.
Ikegami 1969
Ikegami, Chuji. Cézanne. Tokyo: Shueisha, 1969, pl. 45.
Erpel 1973
Erpel, Fritz. Paul Cézanne. Berlin: Henschelverlag, 1973, no. 15.
Schapiro 1973
Schapiro, Meyer. Paul Cézanne. Translated by Louis-Marie Ollivier. Paris: Nouvelles Editions Françaises, 1973, pl. 28 (with comments).
Brion 1974
Brion, Marcel. Cézanne. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974, pp. 52, 53.
Elgar 1975
Elgar, Frank. Cézanne. New York: Praeger, 1975, fig. 86.
Wadley 1975
Wadley, Nicholas. Cézanne and His Art. London: Hamlyn, 1975, pl. 49.
Barskaya 1975a
Barskaya, Anna. Paul Cézanne. Leningrad: Aurora Art Publishers, 1975, p. 35, ill.
Reff 1977c
Reff, Theodore. "Painting and Theory in the Final Decade." In Cézanne: The Late Work. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1977. Exhibition catalogue, p. 17, ill.
Adriani 1978a
Adriani, Götz. Paul Cézanne. Zeichnungen. Cologne: DuMont, 1978. Exhibition catalogue, p. 70, ill. as Die Kartenspieler.
Ponente 1980
Ponente, Nello. Paul Cézanne. Bologna: Capitol, 1980, pl. 15.
Reff 1980
Reff, Theodore. "Cézanne's 'Cardplayers' and Their Sources." Arts Magazine 55, no. 5 (Nov. 1980), fig. 13.
Plazy 1981
Plazy, Gilles. Cézanne. Fribourg: Editions Medea, 1981, p. 49.
Harris 1982
Harris, Nathaniel. The Art of Cézanne. London: Optimum Books, 1982, p. 69, ill. in color.
Muller, J 1982
Muller, Joseph-Emile. Cézanne. Translated by Jane Brenton. Paris: Fernand Hazan, 1982, pl. 35.
Le Pichon 1984
Le Pichon, Yann. The Real World of the Impressionists: Painting and Photographs, 1848–1918. New York: C.N. Potter, 1984, p. 183, ill.
Lucie-Smith 1984
Lucie-Smith, Edward. Chefs-d'oeuvre impressionnistes du Musée du Jeu de Paume. London: Thames & Hudson, 1984, p. 34, ill.
Wetzel 1984
Wetzel, Christoph. Paul Cézanne: Leben u. Werk. Stuttgart/Zurich: Belser, 1984, p. 54/55, ill. in color.
Laclotte, Lacambre, Distel et al. 1986
Laclotte, Michel, Genviève Lacambre, Anne Distel, et al. La Peinture au Musée d'Orsay. Paris: Editions Scala, 1986, p. 91, ill.
Erpel 1988
Erpel, Fritz. Paul Cézanne. Berlin: Henschelverlag, 1988, no. 20.
Kendall 1988
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne: By Himself. London: Macdonald, 1988, p. 178, ill.
Lévêque 1988
Lévêque, Jean Jacques. La Vie et l'oeuvre de Paul Cézanne. Courbevoie: ACR, 1988, p. 194, ill. in color.
Plazy 1988
Plazy, Gilles. Cézanne ou la peinture absolue. Paris: Editions Liana Levi, 1988, p. 130, ill. in color.
Düchting 1989
Düchting, Hajo. Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst. Cologne: Benedict Taschen Verlag, 1989, p. 163, ill.
Wadley 1989
Wadley, Nicholas. Cézanne and His Art. London: Hamlyn, 1989, p. 61, ill. in color.
Arrouye 1995
Arrouye, Jean. Cézanne: Paris, Provence. Paris: Textuel, 1995, p. 134-35, ill.
Coutagne 1995
Coutagne, Denis. Cézanne en Provence. Paris: Editions Assouline, 1995.
Dossier de l'art 1995
Dossier de l'art. no. 25, Cézanne. Dijon: Editions Faton, September - October 1995, ill. pp. 48-49.
Sollers 1995
Sollers, Philippe. Le Paradis de Cézanne. Paris: Gallimard, 1995, p. 100-01, ill.
Cahn 1995b
Cahn, Isabelle. Paul Cézanne. Paris: Somogy Editions d'Art, 1995, p. 93, ill.
Coutagne et al. 1996
Coutagne, Denis, et al. Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1996, p. 95.
Rewald 1996
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 714, ill. vol. 2 as Les Joueurs de cartes.
Lewis 2000
Lewis, Mary Tompkins. Cézanne. London: Phaidon, 2000, p. 265, pl. 165.
Lewis 2002
Lewis, Mary Tompkins. "The Path to Les Lauves: A History of Cézanne's Studios." In Atelier Cézanne, 1902–2002: Le centenaire. Aix-en-Provence: Société Paul Cézanne, 2002, fig. 25, ill. in color.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina M. Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003, p. 213, fig. 5.27 as Les Joueurs de cartes.
Arrouye 2004
Arrouye, Jean. "A Balance of Dissimilar Elements." In Jas de Bouffan: Cézanne, Société Paul Cézanne, ed. Aix-en-Provence: Hexagone, 2004, fig. 131, ill. in color.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2004
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina M. "Cézanne and His Friends at Jas de Bouffan." In Jas de Bouffan: Cézanne, Société Paul Cézanne. Aix-en-Provence: Hexagone, 2004, fig. 33, ill. in color.
Dittmann 2005
Dittmann, Lorenz. Die Kunst Cézannes: Farbe, Rythmus, Symbolik. Cologne: Böhlau, 2005, pl. 9.
Tosini 2005
Tosini, Aurora Scotti. "Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)." In Cézanne, Renoir. Milan: Skira, 2005. Exhibition catalogue, p. 51, ill.
Jensen 2006
Jensen, Robert. "Vollard and Cézanne: An Anatomy of a Relationship." In Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006. Exhibition catalogue, p. 43, fig. 45 as The Cardplayers.
Machotka 2008
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2008, vol. 1, fig. 264; vol. 2, p. 174 as Les joueurs de cartes.
Burnstock et al 2010
Burnstock, Aviva, Charlotte Hale, Caroline Campbell, and Gabriella Macaro. "Cézanne's Development of the Card Players." In Cézanne's Card Players. London: Paul Holberton Publishing, 2010. Exhibition catalogue, p. 38, fig. 12 (detail).
Coutagne 2011d
Coutagne, Denis. Cézanne abstraction faite. Paris: Les Editions du Cerf, 2011, p. 167, fig. 109.
Colrat 2013
Colrat, Jean. Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature. Paris-Sorbonne: PUPS, 2013, p. 314, pl. 145.
Marion 2013
Marion, Jean Luc. "La Peinture en vérité: La vérité en peinture." In Courbet/Cézanne: La vérité en peinture. Lyon: Fage éditions, 2013. Exhibition catalogue, p. 19, fig. 6.
Société Paul Cézanne 2019
Cezanne, Jas de Bouffan: art et histoire. Under the scientific direction of Denis Coutagne and François Chédeville. Lyon; Aix-en-Provence: Fage édition; Société Paul Cezanne, 2019, figs. 214, 224, pp. 226, 236.

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Record last updated February 4, 2020. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Les Joueurs de cartes, 1893–96 (FWN 684)." The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=692 (accessed on April 10, 2020).