The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
Pigeonnier de Bellevue
Alternate titles: La Tour des pigeons à Montbriand; Pigeon Tower at Mont Briand; Pigeon Tower at Montbriand; Pigeonnier à Bellevue; The Pigeon House at Montbriand; The Pigeon Tower
Rewald (692): 1889–90; Venturi revised: 1890–94; Venturi (650): 1888–92; Rivière: 1886; Ratcliffe: possibly first half of 1889
Oil on canvas
25 3/16 x 31 1/2 in. (64 x 80 cm)
Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Inaugural Exhibition, January 29–February 28, 1926, no. 128, as The Pigeon House at Montbriand, lent by M/M R.M.C[oe].
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Fifty Years of French Art, October 29–November 29, 1926.
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, Paul Cézanne, January 1928, no. 15, as La Tour des pigeons à Montbriand, lent by Coe.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, The museum's first loan exhibition: Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, van Gogh, November 8–December 7, 1929, no. 23, ill., (dated c. 1894), as The Pigeon Tower, lent by M/M Ralph Coe.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, A Century of Progress: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculptures, June 1–November 1, 1934, no. 298, as Pigeon Tower at Montbriand, lent by Coe.
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition, June 26–October 4, 1936, no. 255, pl. 47.
Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio, Cézanne and Gauguin, November 1–December 13, 1936, no. 28, ill., as Pigeon Tower at Mont Briand, lent by Cleveland Museum.
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, Paul Cézanne: Exhibition of Paintings, Water-colors, Drawings and Prints, September 1–October 4, 1937, no. 26, ill. lent by Cleveland Museum.
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, The Age of Impressionism and Objective Realism, May 3–June 2, 1940, no. 3.
Montreal Art Association, Montreal, Masterpieces of Art, February 5–March 8, 1942, no. 68.
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, A Thousand Years of Landscape: East and West, October 24–December 9, 1945, listed p. 3.
Pavillon de Vendôme, Aix-en-Provence, France, 1946, no. 41, ill.
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, Cézanne, March 27–April 26, 1947, no. 44, ill. lent by Cleveland.
Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Columbus, Ohio, Springtime of Impressionism, April 3–May 2, 1948, no. 5, ill.
Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, French Impressionists, March 24–April 19, 1953, no. 47, ill.
Pavillon de Vendôme, Aix-en-Provence, France, Exposition pour commémorer le cinquantenaire de la mort de Cézanne, July 21–August 15, 1956, no. 41, ill. lent by Cleveland.
National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Masterpieces: East and West from American Collections, 1976, no. 46, ill. Traveled to: National Museum, Kyoto, Japan, 1976.
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Cézanne and Poussin: The Classical Vision in Landscape, August 9–October 21, 1990, no. 46, ill.
Grand Palais, Paris, Cézanne, September 26, 1995–January 14, 1996, no. 121, ill. Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Marseille, France, Right Under the Sun, Landscape in Provence: From Classicism to Modernism (1750–1920), May 18–August 21, 2005, no. 36, ill., p. 177, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue. Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, September 22, 2005–January 8, 2006.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, Cézanne in Provence, January 29–May 7, 2006, no. 60, ill. shown in Washington only. Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 9–September 17, 2006.
Rivière, Georges. Le Maître Paul Cézanne. Paris: Librairie Floury, 1923, p. 214, listed.
Milliken, William Mathewson. "Fifty Years of French Art." Arts (December 1926), p. 336, ill.
Johnson, Erle Loran. "Cézanne's Country." The Arts 16, no. 8 (April 1930), p. 533, ill., with recent photograph of motif.
Francis, Henry S. "The Pigeon Tower at Montbriand by Paul Cézanne." Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 23, no. 3 (March 1936), p. 36, ill.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 650, ill. vol. II, as Pigeonnier à Bellevue.
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne und das Ende der wissenschaftlichen Perspektive. Vienna: Anton Schroll, 1938, list of motifs: no. 75.
Wilenski, R.H. Modern French Painters. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1940, fig. 48a.
Loran, Erle. Cézanne's Composition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1943, pp. 78–79, pl. XV (with photograph of the motif).
Rewald, John. Paul Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1948, fig. 88.
Rewald, John. Cézanne. London: Phoenix House, 1950, fig. 68.
Raynal, Maurice. Cézanne. Geneva: Skira, 1954, p. 83, ill.
Milliken, William Mathewson. The Cleveland Museum of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1958, p. 54, ill.
Henning, Edward B. "Cleveland Museum of Art: From Turner to Guston." Apollo 78 (December 1963), p. 486, ill.
Murphy, Richard W. The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906. New York: Time-Life Books, 1968, p. 150.
Rewald, John. "Chocquet et Cézanne." Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 74, periode 6 (July–August 1969), p. 96, note 90.
Elgar, Frank. Cézanne. New York: Praeger, 1975, fig. 63.
Arrouye, Jean. La Provence de Cézanne. Aix-en-Provence: Edisud, 1982, p. 86, ill.
Rewald, John. Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986, p. 187, ill.
Verdi, Richard. Cézanne. London and New York: Thames & Hudson, 1992, p. 148, fig. 127.
Chong, Alan. European & American Painting in the Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1993, p. 33, ill.
Lartigue, Charles de. Les paysages de Paul Cézanne. Lyon: Les Créations du Pélican, 1995, p. 103, ill.
Coutagne, Denis, et al. Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1996, p. 94.
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: Landscape into Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996, p. 77, fig. 45, with photograph of motif, p. 76, fig. 44, as Pigeonnier à Bellevue.
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 692, ill. vol. 2, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina M. Cézanne and Provence: The Painter in His Culture. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003, p. 130, fig. 3.31, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Société Paul Cézanne. P. Cézanne: Les sites provençaux. Edited by Pavel Machotka. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2005, p. 71, ill. with photo of motif (c. 1976), p. 70, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2008, vol. 1, fig. 238; vol. 2, p. 159, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Machotka, Pavel. "Des paysages du nord aux premiers pas du cubisme." In Cézanne et Paris. Paris: Éditions de la Rmn-Grand Palais, 2011. Exhibition catalogue, p. 193, fig. 108, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Smith, Paul. "Cézanne's 'Primitive' Perspective, or the 'View from Everywhere.'" The Art Bulletin 95, no. 1 (March 2013), fig. 1.
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: Landscape into Art. Prague: Arbor Vitae, 2014, p. 129, fig. 43b, with color photo of motif, fig. 43, as Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Coutagne, Denis. "P. Cézanne, sur la colline de la Constance–Valcros." Aix-en-Provence: SPLA Pays d'Aix Territoires, June 2015, ill. p. 70.
Bonfort, ed., Didier. Dans les pas de P. Cezanne, Valcros - Bellevue - Montbriand. Didier Bonfort, ed.. Aix-en-provence: Sauvegarde des paysages de Cezanne, February 2016, p. 25, ill., as Pigeonnier de Bellevue, with photo of motif.
Record last updated November 3, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Société Paul Cezanne. "Pigeonnier de Bellevue, 1889–90 (FWN 270)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=670 (accessed on September 27, 2023).