loading loading

Catalogue entry

FWN 185
La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Montbriand
Alternate titles: Blick in das Arc-Tal mit Mont Sainte-Victoire; La Montagne Sainte-Victoire; La Montagne Sainte-Victoire von Bellevue aus gesehen; La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue au-dessus de Montbriand; La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue; Landscape – Paysage du Midi; Mont Sainte-Victoire; Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley; Montagne Sainte-Victoire Seen from Montbriand; Sainte Victoire
Rewald: (511) 1882–85; Venturi revised: 1886–87; Venturi: (452) 1885–87; Ratcliffe: after 1885
Oil on canvas
25 13/16 x 32 3/16 in. (65.5 x 81.7 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3753, huile; aqueduc avec au fond Ste. Victoire; à gauche massif de pins, au milieu pin parasol, 65 x 81 cm (250 frs)


Ambroise Vollard, Paris
Mr. and Mrs. H.O. Havemeyer, New York (1901);
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (1929)
Exhibition History
1930b New York
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, The H.O. Havemeyer Collection, March 10–November 2, 1930, no. 6.
1934d New York
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Landscape Painting, May 14–September 30, 1934, no. 54.
1940f New York
New York World's Fair, New York, Masterpieces of Art, May–October 1940 (exhibition catalogue; introduction and descriptions by Walter Pach), no. 342, ill., as Mont Sainte-Victoire, lent by Metropolitan Museum of Art.
1952 Chicago and traveling
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Cézanne: Paintings, Watercolors & Drawings, A Loan Exhibition, February 7–March 16, 1952 (exhibition catalogue; introduction by Theodore Rousseau, Jr. and text to illustrations by Daniel C. Rich), no. 53, ill., p. 51, lent by Metropolitan Museum. Traveled to: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, April 1–May 16, 1952.
1953 Aix-en-Provence and traveling
Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, Cézanne: Peintures, Aquarelles, Dessins, July 30–August 5, 1953, no. 14, ill., lent by Metropolitan Museum. Traveled to: Musée Masséna, Nice, France, August 8–September 12, 1953. Musée des Beaux-Arts, Grenoble, France, September 15–October 18, 1953.
1979 Athens
National Pinakothiki and Alexander Soutzos Museum, Greece, Treasures from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New-York: Memories and Revivals of the Classical Spirit, 1979 (exhibition catalogue), no. 102, ill., as Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1885-87.
1982 Aix-en-Provence
Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, Cézanne, June 12–August 31, 1982 (exhibition catalogue; preface by Denis Coutagne)
N.B. Some catalogue numbers differ from the original Liège exhibition, no. 4, ill.
1990 Edinburgh
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Cézanne and Poussin: The Classical Vision in Landscape, August 9–October 21, 1990 (exhibition catalogue; text by Richard Verdi), no. 38, ill.
1995–96 Paris and traveling
Grand Palais, Paris, Cézanne, September 26, 1995–January 14, 1996. Organised by Réunion des musées nationaux / musée d'Orsay, Tate Gallery and Philadelphia Museum of Art. Initially scheduled to end on January 7 the Paris exhibition was prolonged until January 14. (exhibition catalogue; text by Françoise Cachin and Joseph Rishel with contributions by Isabelle Cahn, Walter Feilchenfeldt and Henri Loyrette; English edition: Cézanne, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1996), no. 89, ill. Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
2006 Washington, D.C. and traveling
National Gallery of Art, Washington, District of Columbia, Cézanne in Provence, January 29–May 7, 2006. Curated by Philip Conisbee and Denis Coutagne. (exhibition catalogue), no. 67, ill. Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 9–September 17, 2006.
2006–07 New York and traveling
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde, September 14, 2006–January 7, 2007. Curated by Rebecca A. Rabinow, Douglas W. Druick, Ann Dumas, Gloria Groom, Anne Roquebert and Gary Tinterow. Catalogue notes on Cézanne paintings by Jayne Warman (exhibition catalogue). Also printed in French, no. 36, fig. 239, pp. 226, 339–40, as Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley. Traveled to: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, February 17–May 13, 2007. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, June 19–September 16, 2007.
2009 Philadelphia
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Cézanne and Beyond, February 26–May 17, 2009. Organized by Joseph J. Rishel and Katherine Sachs, pl. 199, p. 504, as Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley.
Published References
Mather 1930
Mather, Frank Jewett, Jr. "The Havemeyer Pictures." Arts 16 (1930), p. 469, ill.
Wehle 1930
Wehle, Harry B. "The Exhibition of the H.O. Havemeyer Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 25, no. 3 (March 1930), p. 58 (mentioned).
Havemeyer 1931
H.O. Havemeyer Collection: Catalogue of Paintings, Prints, Sculpture and Object of Art. Portland, Me.: [privately published], 1931, pp. 56f. as Landscape – Paysage du Midi.
Faure 1936
Faure, Élie. Cézanne. Paris: Editions Braun, 1936, pl. 9.
Vollard 1936
Vollard, Ambroise. Recollections of a Picture Dealer. Translated by Violet M. MacDonald. New York: Dover Publications, 1936, p. 142.
Venturi 1936b
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 452, ill. vol. II as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire.
Novotny 1937
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne. Vienna: Phaidon, 1937, pl. 43.
Vollard 1937
Vollard, Ambroise. Souvenirs d'un marchand de tableaux. Paris: Albin Michel, 1937, ill. opp. p. 54.
Goldwater 1938
Goldwater, Robert J. "Cézanne in America: The Master's Paintings in American Collections." Art News Annual 36, no. 26 (March 26, 1938), p. 154.
Novotny 1938
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne und das Ende der wissenschaftlichen Perspektive. Vienna: Anton Schroll, 1938, p. 203, no. 85, list of motifs.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939
Barnes, Albert C, and Violette de Mazia. The Art of Cézanne. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1939, no. 95, listed.
Jewell 1944a
Jewell, Edward Alden. Paul Cézanne. New York: Hyperion Press, 1944, p. 18, ill.
Schildt 1946
Schildt, Göran. Cézanne. Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand, 1946, fig. 5.
Dorival 1948
Dorival, Bernard. Cézanne. Paris: Tisne, 1948, pl. 88.
Loran 1952
Loran, Erle [Ellen Johnson]. "Cézanne in 1952." Quarterly (Art Institute of Chicago) 46, no. 1 (February 1, 1952), pp. 10–11, ill.
Louchheim 1952
Louchheim, Aline Bernstein. "Cezanne: Link in Art." The New York Times (New York) (April 6, 1952), p. 23, ill. as Mont Sainte-Victoire.
Storey 1952
Storey, Benjamin. "Retrospettiva Cézanne." Emporium 115, no. 689 (May 1952), p. 198, ill.
Schapiro 1952a
Schapiro, Meyer. Cézanne. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1952, pp. 66–67, ill.
Berenson 1953
Berenson, Bernard. Seeing and Knowing. New York: New York Graphic Society, 1953, pl. 88.
Hofmann 1953
Hofmann, Werner. Paul Cézanne (1839-1906). Munich, Vienna, Basel: Kurt Desch, 1953, pl. 12 as Blick in das Arc-Tal mit Mont Sainte-Victoire.
Rousseau 1953
Rousseau, Théodore, Jr. Paul Cézanne, 1839–1906. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1953, pl. 12.
Biederman 1958
Biederman, Charles. The New Cézanne. Winona, MN: Leicht Press, 1958, pls. 11 and 12 (diagram).
Rewald 1958
Rewald, John. Cézanne: Paysages. Paris: Fernand Hazan, 1958, pl. 1.
Mathey 1959
Mathey, François. Les Impressionnistes et leur temps. Paris: Fernand Hazan, 1959, p. 121, ill. as Sainte Victoire.
Novotny 1961
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne. London: Phaidon, 1961, pl. 25.
Sterling and Salinger 1967
Sterling, Charles, and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. III. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1967, pp. 107–08.
Murphy 1968
Murphy, Richard W. The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906. New York: Time-Life Books, 1968, p. 154.
Salinger 1968
Salinger, Margaretta. "Windows Open to Nature." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 27, no. 1 (Summer 1968), ill.
Ikegami 1969
Ikegami, Chuji. Cézanne. Tokyo: Shueisha, 1969, pl. 23 (also detail).
Schapiro 1973
Schapiro, Meyer. Paul Cézanne. Translated by Louis-Marie Ollivier. Paris: Nouvelles Editions Françaises, 1973, pl. 18 (with comments).
Wadley 1975
Wadley, Nicholas. Cézanne and His Art. London: Hamlyn, 1975, pl. 69.
Embiricos 1978
Embiricos, Georges A. "Cézanne et la répétition." Connaissance des Arts, no. 315 (May 1978), pp. 69–70, ill. p. 68.
Baetjer 1980
Baetjer, Katherine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980, p. 26, ill. p. 616.
Hibbard 1980
Hibbard, Howard. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Harper & Row, 1980, fig. 774.
Muller, J 1982
Muller, Joseph-Emile. Cézanne. Translated by Jane Brenton. Paris: Fernand Hazan, 1982, pl. 25.
Thomson 1983
Thomson, Belinda. The Post-Impressionists. London: Phaidon Press, 1983, pl. 164.
Schiff 1984
Schiff, Richard. Cézanne and the end of Impressionism: a study of the theory, technique, and a critical evaluation of modern art. Chicago; London: The Univesity of Chicago Press, 1984, pp. 121, 216-218, fig. 28, 55 as Mont Sainte-Victoire.
Shiff 1984
Shiff, Richard. Cézanne and the End of Impressionism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984, figs. 28 and 55.
Moffett 1985
Moffett, Charles S. Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1985, pp. 192–93, ill.
Weitzenhoffer 1986
Weitzenhoffer, Frances. The Havemeyers: Impressionism Comes to America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986, pp. 142–43, pl. 108.
Rewald 1986b
Rewald, John. Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986, p. 157, ill.
Kendall 1988
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne: By Himself. London: Macdonald, 1988, p. 144, ill.
Rewald 1989
Rewald, John. Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921. Princeton: Princeton University Press; London: Thames & Hudson, 1989, p. 125, fig. 70.
Wadley 1989
Wadley, Nicholas. Cézanne and His Art. London: Hamlyn, 1989, p. 81, ill. in color.
Jamme 1990
Jamme, Christoph. "The Loss of Things: Cézanne, Rilke, Heidegger." Kunst & Museumjournaal 2, no. 1 (1990), p. 39, ill.
Coutagne 1990c
Coutagne, Denis. "Cézanne, tradition et modernité." In Sainte-Victoire: Cézanne. Aix-en-Provence: Musée Granet, 1990, p. 115, fig. 65.
Gasquet 1991
Gasquet, Joachim. Joachim Gasquet's Cézanne. Translated by C. Pemberton. London and New York: Thames & Hudson, 1991, p. 45, ill.
Wold 1993
Wold, Gretchen. "Appendix." In Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. Exhibition catalogue, no. 74, ill.
Kendall 1993a
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne & Poussin: A Symposium. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993, pl. 15.
Arrouye 1995
Arrouye, Jean. Cézanne: Paris, Provence. Paris: Textuel, 1995, p. 96-97, ill.
De Lartigue 1995
De Lartigue, Charles. Les paysages de Paul Cézanne. Lyon: Les Créations du Pélican, 1995, p. 107, ill.
Patin 1995
Patin, Sylvie. Cézanne. Paris: Editions Hazan, 1995, p. 65.
Sollers 1995
Sollers, Philippe. Le Paradis de Cézanne. Paris: Gallimard, 1995, p. 117, ill.
Coutagne 1995b
Coutagne, Denis. "Les paysages." Dossier de l'art (Dijon), no. 25 (September - October 1995), ill. pp. 30-31 (cropped).
Coutagne et al. 1996
Coutagne, Denis, et al. Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1996, p. 161.
Machotka 1996
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: Landscape into Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996, p. 129, fig. 113, with photographs of the motif, figs. 111 and 112 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue, dated c. 1888.
Rewald 1996
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 511, ill. vol. 2 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue.
Smith 1996
Smith, Paul. Interpreting Cézanne. London: Tate Publishing, 1996, p. 29, fig. 20 as Montagne Sainte-Victoire Seen from Montbriand.
Lewis 2000
Lewis, Mary Tompkins. Cézanne. London: Phaidon, 2000, p. 220, pl. 133.
Schwarz 2000
Schwarz, Birgit. "Landscapes." In Cézanne: Finished, Unfinished. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2000. Exhibition catalogue, p. 304, fig. 1 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue.
Tanaka 2001
Tanaka, Hidemichi. "Cézanne and 'Japonisme.'" Artibus et Historiae 22, no. 44 (2001), p. 214, fig. 19 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina M. Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003, p. 150, fig. 4.1 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue.
Schmidt 2004a
Schmidt, Bertram. Cézannes Lehre. Kiel: Ludwig, 2004, fig. 50.
Graphische Sammlung Albertina 2005
Graphische Sammlung Albertina. Goya bis Picasso: Meisterwerke der Sammlung Jan Krugier und Marie Anne Krugier-Poniatowski. Schröder et al.. Vienna: Albertina, 2005. Exhibition catalogue, p. 244, mentioned under cat. no. 103, fig. 1 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire von Bellevue aus gesehen.
Société Paul Cézanne 2005
Société Paul Cézanne. P. Cézanne: Les sites provençaux. Edited by Pavel Machotka. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2005, p. 75, ill. with photos of motif (c. 1935 and c. 1976), p. 74 as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Bellevue.
Feilchenfeldt 2005b
Feilchenfeldt, Walter. "Cézannes Sammler. Von Zola bis Annenberg." In "By Appointment Only": Schriften zu Kunst und Kunsthandel, Cézanne und Van Gogh. Wädenswil: Nimbus, 2005, p. 175, ill.
Sachs 2009b
Sachs, Katherine. "Cézanne and Marden: The Almost Perfect Painting." In Cézanne and Beyond. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art; New Haven: In association with Yale University Press, 2009. Exhibition catalogue, p. 504, pl. 199 as Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley.
Coutagne 2011d
Coutagne, Denis. Cézanne abstraction faite. Paris: Les Editions du Cerf, 2011, p. 176, fig. 118.
Coutagne 2011e
Coutagne, Denis. "Il paesaggio in Cézanne." In Cézanne: Les ateliers du midi. Milan: Skira, 2011. Exhibition catalogue, p. 53, fig. 31.
Rishel 2012c
Rishel, Joseph J. "Cézanne, Virgil, Poussin." In Gauguin, Cézanne, Matisse: Visions of Arcadia. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2012. Exhibition catalogue, p. 169, fig. 163 as Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley.
Benedetti 2013b
Benedetti, Maria Teresa. "Gli artisti italiani e Cézanne." In Cézanne et gli artisti italiani del '900. Milan: Skira, 2013. Exhibition catalogue, p. 49, fig. 52.
Machotka 2014
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: Landscape into Art. Prague: Arbor Vitae, 2014, p. 121, fig. 39c, with black and white and color photos of the motif, figs. 39a and 39b as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue au-dessus de Montbriand, dated after 1885.
Chédeville 2014b
Chédeville, François. "Le viaduc dans la plaine de l'Arc I." Société Paul Cézanne (October 12, 2014), as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue au-dessus de Montbriand.
Coutagne 2015
Coutagne, Denis. "P. Cézanne, sur la colline de la Constance–Valcros." Aix-en-Provence: SPLA Pays d'Aix Territoires, June 2015, ill. p. 42.
Bonfort 2016
Bonfort, ed, Didier. Dans les pas de P. Cezanne, Valcros - Bellevue - Montbriand. Didier Bonfort, ed.. Aix-en-provence: Sauvegarde des paysages de Cezanne, February 2016, p. 6, ill. as La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Montbriand.
Coutagne 2017
Coutagne, Denis. "Chemin-Cezanne." In Paul Cezanne, Le chant de la terre. Martigny: Fondation Pierre Gianadda, 2017. Exhibition catalogue, p. 23, fig. 5.


Record last updated May 31, 2017. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "La Montagne Sainte-Victoire vue de Montbriand, 1882–85 (FWN 185)." The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=500 (accessed on April 21, 2019).