The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
Alternate titles: Badende; Baigneuses; Étude de baigneuses; Group of Bathers; Les Baigneuses
Rewald (458): c.1880; Venturi revised: 1878–79; Venturi (547): 1883–87; Vollard: 1887; Reff: mid–1880s
Oil on canvas
13 13/16 x 15 5/8 in. (35 x 39.5 cm)
Private collection, Mexico City
Private collection, Switzerland
Galerie Vollard, Paris, Paul Cézanne, November 11–December 15, 1895.
Société des artistes indépendants, Grand Palais, Paris, Trente ans d’art indépendant: rétrospective de 1884 à 1914, February 20–March 21, 1926, no. 2870, as Baigneuses, lent by Paul Guillaume.
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, Exposition rétrospective Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) au profit de la caisse du Monument Cézanne, June 1–30, 1926, no. 18, as Les Baigneuses, tentative identification, probably lent by Guillaume.
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, Collection Paul Guillaume: exposition au profit de la Société des Amis du Luxembourg, May 25–June 1929, p. 54, ill., as Les Baigneuses.
Galerie Pigalle, Paris, Exposition Cèzanne, 1839–1906, January 4–February 7, 1930, no. 15, ill., as Baigneuses, lent by P. Guillaume.
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, Cézanne, May 18–29, 1931.
Galerie Renou et Colle, Paris, Aquarelles et baignades de Cézanne, June 3–17, 1935.
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, Paul Cézanne: Exhibition of Paintings, Water-colors, Drawings and Prints, September 1–October 4, 1937, no. 18, ill. lent by Mrs. Jonas.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, French Painting from David to Toulouse-Lautrec, February 6–March 26, 1941, no. 4.
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, Cézanne, March 27–April 26, 1947, no. 28, ill. lent by Jonas.
New School for Social Research, New York, 19th and 20th Century French Paintings from the Private Collection of Mrs. H. Harris Jonas, February 9–March 1, 1949, no. 3.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Les Fauves, October 7, 1952–January 4, 1953, no. 1, introductory section (revised), as Group of Bathers, c. 1885, lent by Mrs. H. Harris Jonas. Traveled to: Institute of the Arts, Minneapolis, January 21–February 22, 1953; San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, March 13–April 12, 1953; Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, May 1–31, 1953.
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, Nude in Painting, November 1–December 1, 1956, no. 34.
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, Loan Exhibition: Cézanne, November 5–December 5, 1959, no. 29, ill. lent by Jonas.
Daniel Malingue, Paris, Maîtres impressionnistes et modernes, March 14–April 26, 1980, no. 4, ill.
Acquavella Galleries, New York, 19th & 20th Century Master Paintings, May 14–June 12, 1981, no. 7, ill.
Fujikawa Galleries, Tokyo and Osaka, Japan, Chefs d'oeuvre français, April–May 1988, no. 5.
Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland, Paul Cézanne: Die Badenden, September 10–December 10, 1989, no. 46, pl. 116.
Museum of Modern Art, Gunma, Japan, Impressionism, 20th Anniversary Exhibition: Celebrating Population of Two Million in Gunma Prefecture, September 21–November 6, 1994, no. 63, pp. 142, 185.
Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan, Homage to Cézanne: His Influence on the Development of Twentieth Century Painting, November 15, 2008–January 25, 2009, no. 44, ill., as Quatre baigneuses, lent by Private collection. Traveled to: Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Hokkaido, Japan, February 7–April 12, 2009.
Vollard, Ambroise. Paul Cézanne. Paris: Vollard, 1914, pl. 21, as Étude de baigneuses.
Häuser, Henrik. "Ein dänischer Sammler [Tetzen-Lund]." Der Cicerone 10, no. 11/12 (June 1918), pp. 164-165, as Baigneuses.
Arishima, Ikuma. Sezannu [Cézanne]. Tokyo: Ars, 1925, pl. 46.
Barnes, Albert C. "Les Baigneuses." Les Arts à Paris, no. 11 (October 1925), pp. 8-9, ill., as Les Baigneuses.
Camoin, Charles, translated by Albert Dreyfus. "Erinnerungen an Cézanne [and] Briefe Cézannes an Ch. Camoin." Kunst und Künstler 25, no. 6 (1927), p. 213, ill., as Badende.
Waldemar-George. La grande peinture contemporaine à la collection Paul Guillaume. Paris: Éditions des Arts à Paris, 1929, ill. p. 54, as Les Baigneuses.
Neugass, Fritz. "Paul Cézanne." Der Cicerone 22 , no. 4 (1930), ill. p. 107, as Badende.
Thomsen, Oluf. Christian Tetzen-Lunds Samling of moderne fransk Malerkunst. Copenhagen: Tetzen-Lund, 1934, no. 4 of checklist, pl. 17, as Étude de baigneuses, dated c. 1880.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 547, ill. vol. II, as Baigneuses.
Wehle, Harry B. "French Painting from David to Toulouse-Lautrec." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 36, no. 2 (February 1941), p. 34.
Reff, Theodore. "Cézanne: The Enigma of the Nude." Art News 58, no. 8 (November 1959), pp. 26–28, fig. 6.
Reff, Theodore. "A New Cézanne Exhibition." The Burlington Magazine 102, no. 684 (March 1960), p. 117.
Geist, Sidney. "Cézanne: Metamorphosis of the Self." Artscribe, no. 26 (December 1980), fig. 11.
Ballas, Guila. "Unknown Sources for Cézanne's Women Bathers." In Norms and Variations in Art: Essays in Honor of Moshe Barasch. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1983, p. 189, n. 40.
Gottlieb, Lennart. "Tetzen-Lunds samling: om dens historie, indhold og betydning." Kunst og Museum 19 (1984), p. 25 (listed) of English translation.
Rewald, John. Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986, p. 137, ill.
Teboul, Jacques. Les Victoires de Cézanne. Paris: Adam Biro, 1988, no. 41, ill. (in reverse).
Rewald, John. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols. In Collaboration with Walter Feilchenfeldt and Jayne Warman. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996, no. 458, ill. vol. 2, as Quatre baigneuses.
Ballas, Guila. Cézanne: baigneuses et baigneurs: thème et composition. Paris: Adam Biro, 2002, ill. pp. 55 and 59 (detail), p. 277, no. 15, ill., as Quatre baigneuses, 1883-85.
Lewis, Mary Tompkins. "Epilogue: Cézanne and Abstract Expressionism." In Cézanne and American Modernism, by Gail Stavitsky. Seattle: Marquand Books, 2010. Exhibition catalogue, p. 133, fig. 6.
Dauberville, Guy-Patrice, and Floriane Dauberville. Paul Cezanne chez Bernheim-Jeune. Paris: Editions G-P.F. Dauberville & Archives Bernheim-Jeune, 2020, no. 244, ill., as Baigneuses, installation photograph from 1931 exhibition, p. 122.
Record last updated July 11, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Société Paul Cezanne. "Quatre baigneuses, c.1880 (FWN 942)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=449 (accessed on November 30, 2023).