The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne
Digital Image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Rochers près des grottes au-dessus de Château Noir
Alternate titles: Ensablement de rochers (Bibémus); La scarpata; Rochers à Bibémus; Rocks at Bibémus; Rocks at Le Château Noir; Rocks near the Caves above Château Noir; Rocky Ridge; Trees and Rocks
Rewald: (W435) 1895–1900; Venturi revised: 1895–99; Venturi: (1043)
Graphite and watercolor on paper
12 1/2 x 18 11/16 in. (31.7 x 47.5 cm)
Traveled to: Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, October 17–December 15, 1931; John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, January 1932.
Traveled to: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, April 1–May 16, 1952.
Traveled to: Ishibashi Museum, Kurume, Japan, July 1–August 1, 1971; City Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand, September 7–October 17, 1971; National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, November 11, 1971–January 2, 1972; Blaxland Galleries, Sydney, January 17–February 5, 1972; Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, February 18–March 26, 1972; Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, April 15–June 4, 1972.
Traveled to: Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Otterlo, the Netherlands, April 15–July 2, 1973; Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, United Kingdom, September 21–November 4, 1973; Rotonda di via Besana, Milan, November 30, 1973–January 6, 1974; Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal, February 15–March 24, 1974.
Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, January 26–March 19, 1978; Grand Palais, Paris, Cezanne: Les dernières années (1895–1906), April 20–July 23, 1978 (see Paris 1978a for a separate listing because the catalogue numbers are different from the two American venues).
Traveled to: Tate Gallery, London, February 8–April 28, 1996; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, May 26–September 1, 1996.
Traveled to: Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, October 15–November 18, 1998 (exhibition catalogue in Russian; text by Albert Kostenevich).
Traveled to: Kunsthaus, Zürich, May 5–August 13, 2000 (initially planned to end on July 30 the exhibition was extended until August 13).
Traveled to: Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France, June 9–September 17, 2006.
Traveled to: Royal Academy, London, July 12–October 18, 2020 (N.B. This venue was cancelled due to 2020 coronavirus).
Wright, Willard Huntington. "Paul Cézanne." International Studio 57, no. 228 (February 1916), p. cxxx.
Quinn, John. The John Quinn Collection of Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings, and Sculpture. Foreword by Forbes Watson. Hunstville, NY: Pidgeon Hill Press, 1926, p. 7.
Barr, Jr., Alfred H. Cubism and Abstract Art. New York, 1934, no. 38.
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre. Paris: Editions Paul Rosenberg, 1936, no. 1043, ill. vol. II, as Rochers à Bibémus.
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne. Vienna: Phaidon, 1937, pl. 107.
Novotny, Fritz. Cézanne und das Ende der wissenschaftlichen Perspektive. Vienna: Anton Schroll, 1938, list of motifs: no. 26.
Barr, Jr., Alfred H. Painting and Sculpture in the Museum of Modern Art. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1942, p. 30, no. 100, as Rocky Ridge.
Nicodemi, Giogio. Cézanne: 76 Disegni. Milan: Görlich, 1944, no. 65, ill.
Schapiro, Meyer. Cézanne. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1952, p. 29, ill.
Neumeyer, Alfred. Cézanne's Drawings. New York and London: Thomas Yoseloff, 1958, no. 86.
Reff, Theodore. "Cézanne: The Logical Mystery." Art News 62, no. 2 (April 1963), p. 28.
Barr, Jr., Alfred H. Painting and Sculpture in the Museum of Modern Art, 1929–1967. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1977, p. 530, ill.
Rewald, John. Paul Cézanne: The Watercolors, A Catalogue Raisonné. Boston: Little, Brown; London: Thames & Hudson, 1983, no. 435, ill. and color pl. 10.
Kendall, Richard, ed. Cézanne: By Himself. London: Macdonald, 1988, p. 220, ill.
Coutagne, Denis, et al. Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1996, p. 146.
Giles, Laura, and Carol Armstrong, eds. Cézanne in Focus, Watercolors from The Henry and Rose Pearlman Collection. Pricneton, N.J.: Princeton University Art Museum, 2002. Exhibition catalogue, p. 49, fig. 3.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina M. Cézanne and Provence: The Painter in His Culture. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003, p. 166, fig. 4.21, as Rochers près des grottes au-dessus de Château Noir.
Dittmann, Lorenz. Die Kunst Cézannes: Farbe, Rythmus, Symbolik. Cologne: Böhlau, 2005, pl. 24.
Société Paul Cézanne. P. Cézanne: Les sites provençaux. Edited by Pavel Machotka. Marseille: Editions Crès, 2005, p. 125.
Simms, Matthew. Cézanne's watercolors: between drawing and painting. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2008, p. 133, fig. 93.
Kyle, Jill Anderson. "Cézanne, the 'Plastic', and American Artist/Critics." In Cézanne and American Modernism, by Gail Stavitsky. Seattle: Marquand Books, 2010. Exhibition catalogue, p. 72, fig. 2.
Prat, Louis-Antoine. Le Dessin français au XIXe siècle. Paris: Somogy Editions d'Art, 2011, p. 617, no. 1473, ill. in color, as Rochers près des grottes au-dessus de Château Noir, 1895-1900.
Machotka, Pavel. Cézanne: Landscape into Art. Prague: Arbor Vitae, 2014, p. 181, fig. 68d, with color photo of motif, fig. 68c, as Rochers près des grottes au-dessus de Château Noir.
Lloyd, Christopher. Paul Cézanne, Drawings and Watercolors. London and Los Angeles: Thames & Hudson and John Paul Getty Museum, 2015, p. 216, fig. 146.
Eiling, Alexander. "Cézanne's Metamorphoses." In Cézanne Metamorphoses. Munich and Karlsruhe: Prestel and Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, 2017. Exhibition catalogue, fig. 12.
Dauberville, Guy-Patrice, and Floriane Dauberville. Paul Cezanne chez Bernheim-Jeune. Paris: Editions G-P.F. Dauberville & Archives Bernheim-Jeune, 2020, no. 360, ill., as Ensablement de rochers (Bibémus).
Elderfield, John. "Excavations." In Cézanne, The Rock and Quarry Paintings. Princeton: Princeton University Art Museum; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2020. Exhibition catalogue, p. 29, fig. 18, as Rocks near the Caves above Château Noir, dated 1895–1900.
Dombrowski, André, Nancy Ireson, and Sylvie Patry, eds. Cézanne in the Barnes Foundation. New York: Rizzoli Electa in association with The Barnes Foundation, 2021, p. 182, fig. 7, as Rocks near the Caves above Château Noir.
Record last updated December 20, 2021. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Rochers près des grottes au-dessus de Château Noir, 1895–1900 (FWN 1390)." In The Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings of Paul Cezanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=1417 (accessed on February 3, 2023).