Using the Catalogue

The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, an online catalogue raisonné is a work in progress and will be updated regularly. We hope the information below provides a deeper understanding of decisions that were made in creating this website, and that this will help you derive more from your experience.

         

 

Numbering

The works in the catalogue are organized in five consecutive groups or themes: landscape, portrait, figure composition, still life, and bather. Works are numbered chronologically within each theme.

Each painting in the catalogue can be accessed by new number, Rewald number, or Venturi number, by entering it in the search box at the top right. The Rewald number should be preceded by the letter “R” and the Venturi number by the letter “V.”

Works with the letters "TA" after the catalogue number are paintings that have been traditionally attributed to Paul Cézanne, but have not been physically examined by the authors. Therefore a determination of a work's authenticity cannot be made until the work has been inspected, at which time the “TA” designation can be removed. Several paintings that require further study are also included in this category.

Paintings that have been omitted from Cézanne’s oeuvre have been examined by the authors and are, in their opinion, works by another hand. These works are acknowledged if they were exhibited or published, but do not have their own entry page. (return to top of page)

Images

The authors have made every effort to provide a high-quality digital color image of each painting. In some cases only a black and white image exists because a work was destroyed or an owner could not be located. As new and better images are obtained, they will be added to the catalogue.

Images that appear on the Catalogue index page are linked, as are their titles, to their corresponding entries in the Catalogue. Everywhere else on the site, clicking on an image enlarges it. Enlarging an image will simultaneously open a “magnifier” that can be moved “over its surface” to obtain higher resolution and greater detail.

On the search-results pages for the Catalogue, the Collections, the Exhibitions, and the Literature there are three ways to display the works: as thumbnails (the default), in sizes relative one to the other, or as a list with small images; a fourth option is a list of results without any images. The options are indicated by their respective icons at the upper right-hand corner of the results page.

By bookmarking an image, its corresponding Catalogue entry is bookmarked (see Bookmarks below).

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Titles

The titles are in French and retain in most cases those published in John Rewald’s 1996 catalogue raisonné of Cézanne’s paintings. Some titles have changed, however, and are based on new research since 1996; both Venturi’s and Rewald’s titles are included in the individual citations to their respective catalogues in the Literature. Alternate titles are also given, representing those listed in exhibition catalogues or in the early literature. All of the paintings can be accessed by full or partial titles in the search bar at top right.

Throughout the site, works’ titles are linked to their full corresponding Catalogue entries.

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Dates

The dating of Cézanne’s paintings has varied over the years and remains a source of debate and speculation. As a result, the dates provided here include those of scholars, who have made recommendations for individual paintings.

The Rewald date refers to that given in his 1996 catalogue raisonné (Rewald 1996); Venturi’s date refers to his 1936 catalogue raisonné (Venturi 1936); “Venturi revised” refers to the date he intended to suggest in the planned revised edition of his 1936 catalogue.

In addition, those dates suggested by other authors are mentioned when they have concerned themselves with the chronology of Cézanne’s oeuvre.  Some of these dates derive from the following sources:  Rivière, Paris, 1923; Gowing, Burlington, June 1956; Cooper, Burlington, Dec. 1956; Ratcliffe, [unpublished doctoral thesis], 1960; and Reff, New York, 1977. “Machotka et al” refers to suggestions from Pavel Machotka, Denis Coutagne, François Chédeville and Alain Mothe.

Sorting the entire Catalogue by date will integrate all the works chronologically, though as a result the numbers will not be consecutive.

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Provenance

The ownership history, past and current, is provided for each entry. In many cases the year of acquisition is included as well. Individual owners are linked to a listing of other paintings in their collections by clicking on their names. In a number of cases, the current location of a work is listed simply as “Private collection” out of consideration for the privacy of the owner.

The semi-colon that appears between the names of two consecutive owners indicates that, as far as is known, the work did not change hands in a commercial transaction, but was passed on as an inheritance or, in the case of a museum, as a gift or bequest. Names given in brackets are those of dealers who did not own the work in question but sold it on a consignment basis.

Collections can be bookmarked (see Bookmarks below).

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Exhibitions

Exhibitions appear in chronological order and each entry is connected to a listing of the entire show by clicking on the abbreviated form (year and city). The full exhibition listing may also include a PDF or a link to a digitized online archive. An exhibition is virtually “recreated” in color and can be viewed either as thumbnails or the paintings in relative size.

Exhibitions can be bookmarked (see Bookmarks below).

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Literature

Due to the sheer magnitude of the Catalogue, it is almost impossible to cite every bibliographic reference or illustration, especially in publications where Cézanne is represented in only a few instances. The authors have attempted to include those that are most relevant, and will continue to add references as they become known.

Click on the abbreviation to access the entire publication. In many cases, the work is linked to a digital archive that allows the user to view it in its original form.

Published references can be bookmarked (see Bookmarks below).

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Vollard Archives

Entries from Vollard’s three known stockbooks (A, B and C), a “virtual” stockbook (X) and an inventory (W) are recorded here when a work can be identified by description and size, or from examining the verso of the panting itself. If the picture was photographed by the dealer, its photo archive number is also listed.

By bookmarking an image in the Vollard Archives, the corresponding Catalogue entry will be bookmarked (see Bookmarks below).

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Supplementary Images

Many Catalogue entries include additional material such as studies, site photographs, vintage postcards and historic photographs, as well as related works by Cézanne and other painters. Images of the works that inspired the artist to copy them, or paintings that are of the same subject by a contemporary of Cézanne are featured when possible. This feature will be greatly expanded when Cézanne’s watercolors and drawings are added to the Catalogue.

All the image types are shown by default. The images can be filtered to show only historical photographs, postcards, reproductions, site photographs, work by Cézanne, or work by other artists.

Cézanne’s works appear in the right-hand column are linked to their respective entries in the Catalogue along with the corresponding Supplementary Images.

By bookmarking a Cézanne image, its corresponding Catalogue entry will be bookmarked (see Bookmarks below).

The authors have supplemental data (i.e. dealers’ stock numbers, condition reports, images of the versos or notes for further research), that are not published on the website, but that they are willing to provide at their discretion to a researcher. Please contact us to enquire about a work.

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Concordance

The Catalogue Concordance is a complete list of the paintings contained in the Catalogue.  The new Catalogue number is matched with the corresponding Rewald and Venturi catalogue raisonné numbers.  The Concordance also features thumbnail images of all the works in the Catalogue. Click the links at the top of each column to arrange the concordance by new number, Rewald number or Venturi number.

Click on any thumbnail image to view the Catalogue entry page for that work.

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External Links

The authors are committed to providing the latest research from scholarly online resources and archives around the globe. External links to these sites add an independent and more narrative approach to the study of the artist. 

If you have a link you wish us to consider, please contact us here.

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Filters

The Filter button appears on the upper left-hand corner of the Catalogue, Collections, Exhibitions, Literature, and Supplementary Image index pages.

Filters are a way to collect certain materials from the Catalogue and exclude whatever is not relevant to the set. (Keywords, a subset of the filter, are treated separately below.)

Filters on the Catalogue index page include Theme, Decade, and Classification; filters on the Collections index page include collection type, whether a work is currently owned or not, lists of early collectors and artist collectors; filters on the Exhibitions index page include exhibition type, venue, date; filters on the Literature index page include literature type, author, date, etc.

When a filter is selected, it immediately delimits the field that is visible below it. More than one filter can be selected, and each time the field is further delimited.

Filtered results appear with a string of filters indicated across the top of the page along with the number of results in the chosen array. [more]

A Permalink also appears which enables returning to the selected group without having to repeat all the steps again [make more clear].

Removing the filters at the top of the page brings back the full index.

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Keywords

The Keyword button appears on the upper left-hand corner of the Catalogue index page.

Keywords are specifically “keyed” to the subject matter of individual works (i.e., subjects, objects, locales, techniques, etc.). Keywords are arranged by category or as full lists.

If “landscape” and “1900” are selected from filters, and “Southern France,” and “man-made motifs (houses)” are selected Keywords — the resulting thirteen paintings will be displayed together as thumbnails.

Select one work from the thirteen, all the keywords for that particular work appear on the its entry page, thereby leading to all the other "houses," or some other feature that wasn’t in the original selection.

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Slideshows

Click an image singly, or from any array, to open a slideshow. A magnifying glass icon needs to appear when hovering for the image to trigger a slideshow. Slideshows can’t be opened from the Catalogue index page.

All slideshows open to fit the screen regardless of which viewing option you begin with. A “magnifier” appears when the slideshow opens. Move left or right using the graphical arrows on either side of the screen, or use the computer’s left and right arrow keys. Use the “esc” key to close the slideshow.

On a Catalogue entry page, slideshows can be activated from a number of different points, assuming there’s more than one image to be accessed: from the main image; from one of the related works; from one of the supplementary images; by clicking on images found in the filters; or by clicking on images found in the keywords.

Slideshows can also be opened from a Collection page, an Exhibition page (with pertinent supplementary materials included), a Literature page, or from the Supplementary Images pages.

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Bookmarks

You can bookmark an entry, a collection, an exhibition, or a published reference.

You can bookmark a Cézanne image anywhere in the Catalogue, including an image in the Vollard Archives, the Supplementary Materials page, even in an essay, since they are all drawn from the database.

When displayed, bookmarked images are defaulted to new Catalogue number order. Other bookmarks are displayed in chronological order.

Bookmarks are automatically saved and accessed from the side menu under your login name.

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Searches

The Quick Search box at the upper right is for searching a single section only. The box can be toggled to search through other sections on the website. For more complex searches however, use the advanced search link.

A quick search of the works in the Catalogue searches by title, keyword, or catalogue number. A quick search of the Collections searches by owner/institution name, or city (for countries use the filters). A quick search of the Exhibitions searches by venue, title, city, or year (for countries use the filters). A quick search of the Literature searches by author, title, publisher, journal, newspaper name, or year of publication. A quick search of the Vollard Archives searches by archive entry number, or descriptive text.

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Printing

Most every section of the Catalogue can be printed by clicking on the icon at top right. Individual Catalogue entries include the complete provenance, exhibition and published reference information. A collection, exhibition or publication can be printed in various formats: in thumbnail, relative size or list view. The correct citation for the Catalogue appears at the bottom of the printed page and includes the date the entry was accessed.

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When citing this Catalogue, please use the format in this example:

Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Madame Cézanne aux cheveux dénoués, 1890–92 (500)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne. http://cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=663 (accessed November 20, 2014).

 

Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Using the Catalogue." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/page/index.php?id=usingTheSite (accessed June 22, 2018).