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516
Portrait de Gustave Geffroy
1895–96
Alternate titles: Bildnis Geoffroys; Der Kritiker Geffroy; Gustave Geffroy; Portrait de Geffroy; Portrait de M. Gustave Geffroy; Portrait of Gustave Geffroy; Porträt Gustave Geffroy
Rewald: (791) 1895–96; Venturi: (692) 1895; Venturi revised: 1895; Rivière: 1895; Vollard: 1890; Cooper: between April and July 1895; Ratcliffe: 1895–96; Reff: 1895–96 (MoMA)
Oil on canvas
45 11/16 x 35 in. (116 x 89 cm)
Vollard archives: photo no. 393, Annotated by Cézanne's son: 1894

Keywords

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decade: 1890–99 »
theme: Portrait »

Exhibition History

1903a Paris: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Exposition d'oeuvres de l'école impressionniste
1907a Paris: Grand Palais, Rétrospective d'oeuvres de Cézanne (Salon d'Automne), no. 16, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy, lent by Pellerin.
1912c Paris: Manzi, Joyant & Cie, Exposition d'art moderne, no. 19, Portrait de M. Gustave Geffroy.
1924a Paris: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Exposition Paul Cézanne (au profit de la caisse du monument Cézanne)
1936c Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie, Cézanne, no. 93, pl. VI, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy, lent by Lecomte.
1954 Paris: Orangerie, Hommage à Cézanne, no. 60, pl. XXVI, lent by private collection, Paris.
1974b Paris: Orangerie, Cézanne dans les Musées Nationaux, no. 45.
1977–78 New York and traveling: The Museum of Modern Art, New York and Reunion des Musees Nationaux, Paris, Cézanne: The Late Work, no. 1, pl. 1.
1978a Paris: Grand Palais, Cézanne: Les dernières années (1895–1906), no. 1, ill.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Réunion des musées nationaux / musée d'Orsay, Tate Gallery and Philadelphia Museum of Art, Paris, Cézanne, no. 172, ill, shown in Paris only.
1999–2000 Riehen: Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, Cézanne und die Moderne, no. 22, ill, p. 114, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
2009 Aix-en-Provence: Musée Granet, Picasso, Cézanne, no. 27, ill, p. 84, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
2009–2010 National Gallery of Australia: National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Masterpieces from Paris: Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cézanne & beyond : post-impressionism from the Musée d'Orsay, no. 38.
2014–15 Fort Worth: Kimbell Museum of Art, Tex, Faces of Impressionism: Portraits from the Musée d'Orsay, no. 69, ill, pp. 240–43, Portrait of Gustave Geffroy.
2017–18 Paris and traveling: Musée d'Orsay, Paris, Cézanne Portraits, no. 17.1, ill.
2017–18a Paris: Musée d'Orsay, Cézanne Portraits, no. 49, ill.

Published References

Leclerq 1899: "Petites Expositions: Galerie Vollard," p. 331.
Revue universelle 1903: "Revue artistique: Petites expositions," p. 583.
Vallotton 1907: "Au Salon d'Automne," p. 917, mentioned.
Werenskiold 1909–10: "Rembrandt og Cézanne," p. 5, ill.
Faure 1911: "Paul Cézanne," p. 116, ill.
Alexandre 1912a: "Exposition d'art moderne," p. X, no. 2, Portrait de M. Gustave Geffroy.
Borgmeyer 1913: The Master Impressionists, p. 230, ill, Portrait of Gustave Geffroy.
Raphael 1913: Von Monet zu Picasso, pl. 15.
Vollard 1914: Paul Cézanne, pl. 49, Portrait de Geffroy.
Popp 1919: "Cézanne, Elemente seines Stiles, anlässlich einer Kritik erortert," p. 188, ill, Der Kritiker Geffroy.
Faure 1920: "Toujours Cézanne," p. 265, ill. [photo B-J].
Vollard 1921: Paul Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 128, Bildnis Geoffroys, dated 1890.
Gasquet 1921b: Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 43, Gustave Geffroy.
Fontainas and Vauxcelles 1922: Historie générale de l'art français de la Révolution à nos jours, p. 230, ill.
Geffroy 1922: Claude Monet
Glaser 1922: Paul Cézanne, pl. 14, Porträt Gustave Geffroy, dated circa 1890.
Klingsor 1923: Cézanne, pl. 18, Portrait de M. Gustave Geffroy.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 220, listed, ill. opp. p. 98, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy, dated 1895, Pellerin.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 99, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
Rivière 1925: "La Formation de Paul Cézanne," p. 2, ill.
Fry 1926: "Le développement de Cézanne," p. 409, ill.
Gasquet 1926: Cézanne, ill.
Gauthier 1926: "Gustave Geffroy aux Gobelins," p. 283, ill.
Glaser 1927: "Das Cézanne-Buch Joachim Gasquets, I," p. 289, ill.
Pfister 1927: Cézanne: Gestalt, Werk, Mythos, fig. 114, Bildnis Geoffroys.
Fry 1927a: Cézanne: A Study of His Development, pp. 69–71, fig. 35, pl. XXV.
Meier-Graefe 1927c: Entwicklungsgeschichte der modernen Kunst, p. 495, ill.
Fry 1929: "Cézannes Udvikling," p. 135, ill.
Gasquet 1930a: Cézanne: 24 Phototypies, ill.
Gasquet 1930b: Cézanne, ill. opp. p. 40.
Wilenski 1931: French Painting, pl. 130.
Rivière 1933: Cézanne: Le Peintre solitaire, p. 147, ill.
Mack 1935: Paul Cézanne, fig. 37.
Iavorskaia 1935a: Cézanne, pl. 33.
Faure 1936: Cézanne, pl. 48.
Larguier 1936: Paul Cézanne ou le drame de la pienture, p. 15, ill.
Raynal 1936: Cézanne, pl. LXXVII.
Huyghe 1936a: "Cézanne et son oeuvre," fig. 70.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 692, ill. vol. 2, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
Huyghe 1936c: Cézanne, pl. 44.
Novotny 1937: Cézanne, pl. 76.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939: The Art of Cézanne, no. 144, p. 253, ill. (analysis pp. 385–87).
Cogniat 1939a: Cézanne, pl. 100.
Rewald 1939c: Cézanne, Sa Vie, son oeuvre, son amitié pour Zola, fig. 64.
Wilenski 1940: Modern French Painters, fig. 44A.
Dorival 1942: La Peinture française, vol. II, pl. XLII.
Rivière 1942: Cézanne: Le Peintre solitaire, p. 155, ill.
Schildt 1946: Cézanne, fig. 52.
Bazin 1947: L'Epoque impressionniste, pl. 67.
Dorival 1948: Cézanne, pl. 119.
Jedlicka 1948: Cézanne, fig. 46, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
Rewald 1948b: Paul Cézanne: A Biography, fig. 91.
Guerry 1950: Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace, pl. 40.
Jourdain 1950: Cézanne, ill.
Rewald 1950a: Cézanne, fig. 72.
Hauser 1951: The Social History of Art, vol. II, pl. LXII.
Schapiro 1952a: Cézanne, pp. 94–95, ill.
Schapiro 1952b: Paul Cézanne, p. 21.
Jedlicka 1955: Anblick und Erlebnis: Bildbetrachtungen, pp. 166–81, ill. opp. p. 176.
Badt 1956: Die Kunst Cézannes, pl. 26.
Rewald 1959a: Cézanne, Geffroy et Gasquet, suivi de Souvenirs sur Cézanne de Louis Aurenche et de lettres inédites, fig. 1, with photograph of subject.
Uchida 1960: Cézanne, p. 67, ill.
Feist 1963: Paul Cézanne, pp. 18, 34, 48, pl. 58.
Guerry 1966: Cézanne et l'expression de l'espace, pl. 40.
Leonhard 1966: Paul Cézanne in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten, p. 63, ill.
Ikegami 1969: Cézanne, fig. 26.
Erpel 1973: Paul Cézanne, no. 18.
Schapiro 1973: Paul Cézanne, pl. 37, with comments.
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, fig. 81.
Wadley 1975: Cézanne and His Art, pl. 50.
Reff 1977c: "Painting and Theory in the Final Decade," p. 15, ill.
Venturi 1978: Cézanne, p. 26, ill.
Monneret 1978a: Cézanne, Zola . . . La Fraternité du génie, p. 54.
Ponente 1980: Paul Cézanne, pl. 22.
Plazy 1981: Cézanne, p. 38.
Harris 1982: The Art of Cézanne, p. 72, ill. in color.
Muller, J 1982: Cézanne, pl. 42.
Bonafoux 1986: Les Impressionnistes portraits et confidences, p. 170, ill.
Erpel 1988: Paul Cézanne, no. 26.
Kendall 1988: Cézanne: By Himself, p. 153, ill.
Plazy 1988: Cézanne ou la peinture absolue, p. 111, ill. in color.
Düchting 1989: Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst, p. 168, ill.
Wadley 1989: Cézanne and His Art, p. 60, ill. in color.
Skedsmo 1991: "Omkring et portrett malt av Paul Cézanne," fig. 9.
De Lartigue 1995: Les paysages de Paul Cézanne, p. 27, ill.
De Lartigue 1995: Les paysages de Paul Cézanne, p. 27, ill.
Cahn 1995b: Paul Cézanne, p. 97, ill.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 791, ill. vol. 2 and p. 42, ill. col. vol. 1, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
Shiff 1998b: "Sensation, Movement, Cézanne," p. 24, fig. 9.
Benesch 2000: "From the Incomplete to the Unfinished: Realisation in the Work of Paul Cézanne," p. 56, fig. 22, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 274, pl. 171.
Maloon 2000: "Tableau/Peinture: Critical Responses to Cézanne's Unfinished Works," p. 93, fig. 6, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
Dittmann 2005: Die Kunst Cézannes: Farbe, Rythmus, Symbol, p. 218, ill. in b/w.
Feilchenfeldt 2005e: "Cézannes Gemälde: Formate und Themen, Echtheitsfragen," p. 234, ill.
Lebensztejn 2006: Études cézanniennes, p. 60, fig. 22, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy, dated 1895.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 9; vol. 2, p. 23, Portrait de Gustave Geffroy.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art 2009: Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection - New Edition, fig. 117, ill. p. 158.
Alsdorf 2010: "Interior Landscapes: Metaphor And Meaning In Cézanne's Late Still Lifes," p. 321, fig. 8.
Shiff 2010: "He Painted," p. 76, fig. 44.
Feilchenfeldt 2011: "Les portraits de grand format," p. 129, fig. 61, Portrait of Gustave Geffroy.
Machotka 2011b: "I ritratti di Cézanne: il volto umano della grande pitura," p. 80, fig. 49.
Shiff 2012b: "Sensation, Cézanne," p. 45. fig. 16, p. 34 (detail), Portrait of Gustave Geffroy.
Chiappini 2013: "I temi prediletti del padre della modernità," p. 99, fig. 3.
Colrat 2013: Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature, p. 108, pl. 28.
Freudenberg 2017: "The Chimerical Pursuit of Art, Paul Cézanne and Gustave Flaubert: An Affinity Explored," fig. 3.
Lobstein 2017: "'La portée d'une révélation' La réception critique de l'exposition Cézanne au Salon d'automne de 1904," p. 85, fig. 2.
Schiff 2017: "Mimetic Cézanne," fig. 2.

Supplemental Images

Photograph of Gustave Geffroy by Nadar
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Portrait de Gustave Geffroy, 1895–96 (cat. no. 516)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=768 (accessed June 22, 2018).
Record last updated June 28, 2017. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.