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447
Madame Cézanne à l'éventail
begun c. 1879; reworked 1886–88
Alternate titles: La Dame à l'évantail; Madame Cézanne with a Fan; Mme Cézanne auf rotem Sessel; Portrait de femme; Portrait of the Artist's Wife; The Artist's Wife in an Armchair
Rewald: (606) begun 1878; reworked 1886–88; Venturi: (369) 1879–82; Venturi revised: 1879–80; Cooper: 1879; Gowing: related to No. 421, 1879–80; Ratcliffe: probably 1879
Oil on canvas
36 3/8 x 28 11/16 in. (92.5 x 73 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 4165, portrait de Madame Cézanne, 92 x 73 cm
Vollard B stockbook: no. 4061, Femme à l'éventail assise dans fauteuil rouge, 92 x 73 cm (300 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 606, Annotated by Cézanne's son: circa 1877

Keywords

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decade: 1870–79 »
theme: Portrait »

Exhibition History

1904 Berlin: Paul Cassirer, Sonderausstellung Paul Cézanne, no number, Mme Cézanne auf rotem Sessel.
1904b Paris: Grand Palais, Salon d'Automne, no. 9, La Dame à l'évantail, lent by Vollard.
1910a Paris: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paul Cézanne, no. 40, Portrait de femme, lent by L.D. Stein.
1958 Berlin: Schloss Charlottenburg, Französische Malerei von Manet bis Matisse aus der Sammlung Bührle, no. 52, ill.
1958 Zürich: Kunsthaus, Sammlung Emil G. Bührle, no. 223, pl. XIII.
1958–59 Munich: Haus der Kunst, Hauptwerke der Sammlung E.G. Bührle, no. 18.
1959 Paris: Petit Palais, De Géricault à Matisse: Chefs-d'oeuvre français des collections suisses, no. 16, pl. 33.
1961 Edinburgh and traveling: National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, Masterpieces of French Painting from the Bührle Collection, no. 32, ill, pl. 14b, shown only in London.
1964 Lausanne: Palais de Beaulieu, Chefs-d'oeuvre des collections suisses, de Manet à Picasso, no. 89, ill.
1990 Washington, D.C. and traveling: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, The Passionate Eye: Impressionist and Other Master Paintings from the Collection of Emil G. Bührle, Zürich, no. 39, ill. (dated c. 1878), The Artist's Wife in an Armchair, lent by Foundation E.G. Bührle Collection.
2004–05 Essen: Museum Folkwang, Cézanne: Aufbruch in die Moderne, ill, p. 34, (catalogued, but not shown), Madame Cézanne à l'éventail.
2011–12 San Francisco and traveling: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, Calif, The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso, and the Parisian Avant-Garde, shown in Paris only.
2017 Martigny: Fondation Pierre Gianadda, Paul Cezanne, Le chant de la terre, no. 86, ill, lent by Fondation Collection E.G. Bührle, Zurich.

Published References

Pach 1914: "The Point of View of the 'Moderns'," p. 862, ill.
Vollard 1914: Paul Cézanne, pl. 45.
Gasquet 1930a: Cézanne: 24 Phototypies, ill.
Stein 1933: The Autobiography of Alice B. Tolkas, (quoted above).
Stein 1934: "L'Atelier de Gertrude Stein," fig. 4, p. 237, appears in photograph of Gertrude Stein's studio.
Vollard 1936: Recollections of a Picture Dealer, p. 137.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 369, ill. vol. 2, La Dame à l'évantail.
Novotny 1961: Cézanne, pl. 17.
Van Buren 1966: "Madame Cézanne's Fashions and the Dates of Her Portraits," fig. 5.
Murphy 1968: The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906, p. 105.
Ikegami 1969: Cézanne, pl. 15.
Andersen 1970: Cézanne's Portrait Drawings, p. 28, fig. 23.
Schapiro 1973: Paul Cézanne, p. 14, ill.
Mellow 1974: Charmed Circle: Gertrude Stein & Company, p. 91.
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, fig. 39.
Harris 1982: The Art of Cézanne, p. 63, ill. in color.
Wetzel 1984: Paul Cézanne: Leben u. Werk, p. 38, ill. in color.
Du 1989: "Das Tor zur Moderne. Paul Cézanne in schweizer Sammlungen," p. 38, ill.
Rewald 1989: Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921, pp. 56, 63, 72, 94, fig. 59, and pl. V.
Sollers 1995: Le Paradis de Cézanne, p. 93, ill.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 606, ill. vol. 2, Madame Cézanne à l'éventail.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 234, pl. 142.
Gloor and Goldin 2004: Stiftung Sammlung E.G. Bühle Zürich, Katalog III, pl. 112.
Feilchenfeldt 2005b: "Cézannes Sammler. Von Zola bis Annenberg," p. 177, ill.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 248; vol. 2, p. 167, Madame Cézanne à l'éventail.
Cowling 2009: "Le Cézannisme de Picasso en 1906–08," p. 44, fig. 5, Madame Cézanne à l'éventail.
Sidlauskas 2009: Cézanne's Other: The Portraits of Hortense, p. 5, fig. 2, Madame Cézanne à l'éventail, dated c. 1879–82, possibly reworked 1886–88.
Parker 2011: "Catalogue of the Stein Collections," p. 396, cat. 10, Madame Cézanne with a Fan.
Echte and Feilchenfeldt 2011b: Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer: Die Ausstellungen 1901-1905 «Man steht da und staunt», Vol. 2, p. 504, ill.
Kremnitzer 2014: "The Portraits of Hortense Fiquet, Madame Cézanne," pp. 195–96, listed, p. 26, pl. 6, Portrait of the Artist's Wife.
Pola Museum of Art 2015: Cézanne: Pioneer of Modern Art, p. 120, fig. 24.
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Madame Cézanne à l'éventail, begun c. 1879; reworked 1886–88 (cat. no. 447)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=589 (accessed September 21, 2017).
Record last updated August 21, 2017. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.