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944
Baigneuses devant une tente
1883–85 (possibly earlier)
Alternate titles: Baigneuses; Baigneuses d'Aix; Baigneuses devant la tente; Frauen nach dem Bade vor einem Zelt; La Tente; Tältet
Rewald: (553) 1883–85 (possibly earlier); Venturi: (543) 1883–85; Venturi revised: 1885–88; Vollard: 1878; Ratcliffe: 1885–86
Oil on canvas
24 13/16 x 33 1/16 in. (63 x 84 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3472, huile; femmes nues à côté d'un grand arbre des branches duquel pend une linge à la manière d'une tente, 64 x 81 cm (150 frs)
Vollard B stockbook: no. 3806, Baigneuses, 63 x 81 cm (300 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 151, Annotated by Cézanne's son: circa 1880

Keywords

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decade: 1880–89 »
theme: Bather »

Exhibition History

1895 Paris: Galerie Vollard, Paul Cézanne
1904b Paris: Grand Palais, Salon d'Automne, no number, "les originaux appartiennent à M. Vollard".
1917 Stockholm: Nationalmuseum, French Art, no. 4, La Tente, lent by Klas Fåhræus, Stockholm.
1925b London: Leicester Galleries, Paintings and Drawings by Paul Cézanne, no. 12, ill. in b/w, Baigneuses d'Aix, lent by Halvorsen.
1931c Paris: Paul Rosenberg, Grands maîtres du XIXe siècle, no. 5.
1935 Stockholm: Svensk-Franska Konstgalleriet, Mästerwerk i Fransk 1800: Talskonst, no. 1, ill, Baigneuses devant une tente, lent by Private collection, Norway.
1937a Paris: Palais National des Arts, Chefs-d'oeuvres de l'art français [World's Fair], no. 252, Baigneuses, lent by Halvorsen.
1954 Oslo: Kunstnerforbundet, Paul Cézanne, no. 15, ill.
1956 Copenhagen: Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, From Renoir to Villon, no. 13, ill.
1956 Munich: Haus der Kunst, Paul Cézanne, no. 37, ill, lent by Ragnar Moltzau, Oslo.
1956 Zürich: Kunsthaus, Paul Cézanne, no. 50, pl. 25.
1957 Zürich and traveling: Kunsthaus, Zürich, Moltzau Collection, no. 16, ill.
1958 London: Tate Gallery, From Cézanne to Picasso, The Moltzau Collection, no. 20.
1964–65 Munich: Haus der Kunst, Französische Malerei des 19. Jahrhunderts, von David bis Cézanne, no. 23, ill.
1989 Basel: Kunstmuseum, Paul Cézanne: Die Badenden, no. 45, pl. 92.
1993 Tübingen: Kunsthalle, Cézanne Gemälde, no. 34, ill.
1997–98 Stockholm: Nationalmuseum, Cezanne i blickpunkten, no. 35, ill, pp. 104–07 (dated 1883–85).
1998 St. Petersburg and traveling: State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Cézanne and the Russian Avant-Garde, no. 17, ill. (dated 1880–85).
2006 Washington, D.C. and traveling: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, Cézanne in Provence, no. 116, ill. (dated 1883–85), shown in Washington only.
2012–13 Budapest: Museum of Fine Arts, Cézanne and the Past: Tradition and Creativity, no. 141, ill.
2017–18 Karlsruhe: Staatliche Kunsthalle, Cézanne - Metamorphosen, no. 42, ill.

Published References

Meier-Graefe 1910: Paul Cézanne, 3rd ed, p. 29, ill.
Hausenstein 1913: Der nackte Mensch in der Kunst aller Zeiten und Völker, fig. 151.
Meier-Graefe 1913: Paul Cézanne, p. 29, ill.
Roosval 1913: "Om Herr Klas Fåhraeus' Konstsamling," p. 106, ill. of picture hanging in gallery.
Vollard 1914: Paul Cézanne, pls. 30, 45, and 47, Baigneuses devant la tente.
Meier-Graefe 1915: Entwicklungsgeschichte der moderne Kunst, vol. 3, pl. 493.
Fry 1917: "'Paul Cézanne' by Ambroise Vollard: Paris, 1915, A Review," pl. II.
Meier-Graefe 1918a: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte mit 127 Tonätzungen und fünfzehn Heliogravüren, p. 113, ill.
Fahraeus 1919: "Paul Cézanne," p. 409, ill, Tältet.
Meier-Graefe 1920a: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte, p. 113, ill.
Bernard 1920c: "'Vie de Cézanne'; 'Lettres de Cézanne'," ill.
Meier-Graefe 1922: Cézanne und sein Kreis, p. 134, ill, Frauen nach dem Bade vor einem Zelt, dated circa 1878.
Meier-Graefe 1923: Paul Cézanne, 5th ed., p. 31, ill.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 207, listed.
Salmon 1923: Cézanne, pl. 5.
Arishima 1925: Sezannu [Cézanne], pl. 45.
Faure 1926a: P. Cézanne, pl. 54, Baigneuses devant la tente.
Meier-Graefe 1927a: Cézanne, pl. XXV.
Jamot 1929: "L'Art français en Norvège," p. 79, ill.
George 1931: "The Twilight of a God," p. 74, ill. in color.
Hildebrandt 1931: Die Kunst des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, pl. 9.
Stein 1933: The Autobiography of Alice B. Tolkas, (quoted above).
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 543, ill. vol. 2, Baigneuses devant la tente.
Vollard 1937: Souvenirs d'un marchand de tableaux, pl. 33.
Larguier 1947: Cézanne ou la lutte avec l'ange de la peinture, ill. opp. p. 129.
Dorival 1948: Cézanne, pl. 164.
Berthold 1958: Cézanne und die alten Meister, p. 38, fig. 37.
Russell 1960: "The Jackpot at Stuttgart," p. 42, fig. 1.
Taillandier 1961: P. Cézanne, p. 49.
Feist 1963: Paul Cézanne, p. 36, pl. 26.
Giry 1967: "Le Paysage à figures chez Othon Friesz," p. 46, fig. 1.
Malevich 1971: Essays on Art, 1915–33, fig. 6, pp. 19–30.
Stokes 1978: "Cézanne," fig. 97 (commentary, p. 268).
Krumrine 1980: "Cézanne's Bathers: Form and Content," p. 118, fig. 13.
Düchting 1989: Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst, p. 142, ill.
Lewis 1989: Cézanne's Early Imagery, p. 19, fig. 7.
Garb 1996: "Visuality and Sexuality in Cézanne's Late Bathers," p. 54, fig. 11.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 553, ill. vol. 2, Baigneuses devant une tente.
Ballas 2002: Cézanne, Baigneuses et Baigneurs. Thème et composition, p. 276, no. 5 (listed), Baigneuses, dated c. 1885.
Feilchenfeldt 2005a: "Zur Rezeptionsgeschichte Cézannes in Deutschland," p. 155, ill.
Conzen 2008: Staatsgalerie Stuttgart - Die Sammlung. Meisterwerke vom 14. bis zum 21. Jahrhundert, p. 164, No. 105.
Colrat 2013: Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature, p. 139, pl. 41.
Eiling 2017: "Cézanne's Metamorphoses," fig. 5.

Supplemental Images

Cover of Julius Meier-Graefe's 1910 monograph on Cézanne, designed by Franz Marc.
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Baigneuses devant une tente, 1883–85 (possibly earlier) (cat. no. 944)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://www.cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=540 (accessed June 22, 2018).
Record last updated October 30, 2014. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.